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新概念英语第一册自学导读 Lessons7-8
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课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.My name's = My name is。

这是自我介绍时通常使用的句型:My name is…(后面加上自己的姓名)。有时也可用I'm…这一句型。

2.Are you French,too?你也是法国人吗?

在英语中,too和either两个词都表示“也”的意思,然而too仅用于肯定句中,either 则限于用在否定句中。too和either一般都放在句末,且前面通常用逗号隔开。例如:

Is Sophie Italian, too?

索菲娅也是意大利人吗?

Is Robert a keyboard operator, too?

罗伯特也是电脑录入员吗?

3.What nationality are you?你是哪国人?

此问句用来询问对方的国籍。也可以问 Where are you from?或 Where do you come from?

4.What's your job?你是做什么工作的?

What's =What is。询问对方从事何种职业时还可以说:What do you do?

5.I'm an engineer.我是工程师。

I'm/aim/=I am。口语中经常使用这种缩略形式。英语不定冠词有两个:a,an。在发音以元音音素开头的词前面用an,在发音以辅音音素开头的词前面用a。engineer/?enDNi'ni+/的发音是以元音音素开头的,所以前面要用an。(可参见Lessons 5~6 中的有关说明。)

6.数字16~20的英文写法

16—sixteen                          17—seventeen                   18—eighteen

19—nineteen                         20—twenty 

语法 Grammar in use

以疑问词what所引导的特殊疑问句

(可参见 Lessons 5~6中的有关说明。)What…?这一问句可以用来询问国籍、工作等等:

What nationality are you?

你是哪国人?

What's your job?

你是干什么的?

对于以上两个问句可如下回答:

I'm Swedish.

我是瑞典人。

I'm an air hostess.

我是一名空中小姐。

现在不妨改用第3人称单数来进行类似的问答:

词汇学习  Word study

1.job  n.

(1)职业:

What's your job?

你是做什么工作的?

(2)(一件)工作,活计:

The whole job takes about 40 minutes.

整个工作大约需要四十分钟。

(3)职责:

It's your job to be on time.

准时是你应该做到的事。

2.nurse

(1)n.护士;照料者:

Is she a nurse or a housewife?

她是护士还是家庭主妇?

(2)v.照料;照看:

All her time goes into nursing her child.

她把全部时间都花于照看自己的孩子上了。

(3)v .养护;培养:

nurse a young tree 养护树苗

nurse an author of promise 培养有前途的作家

练习答案  Key to written exercises

Lesson 8

A

1  My name is Robert. I am a student. I am Italian.

2  Sophie is not Italian. She is French.

3  Mr. Black is my teacher. He is not French.

B

1  What's his job? Is he a policeman? Yes, he is.

2  What's her job? Is she a policewoman? Yes, she is.

3  What's his job? Is he a taxi driver? Yes, he is.

4  What's her job? Is she an air hostess? Yes, she is.

5  What's his job? Is he a postman? Yes, he is.

6  What's her job? Is she a nurse? Yes, she is.

7  What's his job? Is he a mechanic? Yes, he is.

8  What's his job? Is he a hairdresser? Yes, he is.

9  What's her job? Is she a housewife? Yes, she is.

10  What's his job? Is he a milkman? Yes, he is. 

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