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新概念英语第一册自学导读 Lessons15-16
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课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.Your passports,please.请出示你们的护照。

请参见 Lessons 3~4课文详注。

2.Here they are.给您。

本句中的 they指 passports。请参见 Lessons 11~12课文详注。

3.名词的复数形式(1)

英语中可数名词有单数和复数两种形式,指一个以上的事物时用复数形式。可数名词的复数形式一般是在单数名词后面加上-s,如课文中的friend—friends/frendz/,tourist—tourists/'tu+rists/,case—cases/'keisiz/。请注重-s的不同发音。假如名词是以-s结尾的,变成复数时则要加-es,如dress—dresses/'dresiz/,blouse—blouses/'blauziz/。

语法 Grammar in use

1.表示复数的-s或-es一般遵循的发音规则

(1)假如名词词尾的发音是一个清辅音(如
/f/,
/k/,
/p/,/t/,/I/;但/s/,/M/,/tM/除外),-s发
/s/的音,如:

books/buks/

suits/su:ts/

(2)假如名词词尾的发音是一个浊辅音(如
/b/,/d/,/g/,/l/,/m/,/n/,/R/;但/z/,/N/,/DN/除外)或元音,-s发
/z/的音,如:

ties /taiz/

dogs /d%26amp;gz/

(3)假如名词词尾的发音是
/s/,/z/,/M/,/N/,/tM/或/DN/,-s

发/iz/的音,如:

dresses/'dresz/

blouses/'bluziz/

词汇学习 Word study

1.blue adj.

(1)蓝色的,蔚蓝的:

The sea is deep blue.

大海呈深蓝色。

He wears a blue tie.

他打一条蓝色的领带。

(2)沮丧的,忧郁的:

He looks a bit blue.

他看上去有点儿忧郁。

His mood is blue.

他的情绪低落。

 

 

2.grey adj.

(1)灰色的,偏灰的:

His hat is grey.

他的帽子是灰色的。

(2)头发灰白的:

Her hair is grey.

她的头发灰白。

(3)面色苍白的:

Tony looks grey and tired.

托尼面色苍白,显得疲惫。

练习答案 Key to written exercises

Lesson 16

A

1 It is an English car.

2 It is a Japanese car.

3 It is an Italian car.

4 It is a French car.

5 It is an American car.

6 Robert is not a teacher.

B

1 What colour are your shirts? Our shirts are white.

2 What colour are your coats? Our coats are grey.

3 What colour are your tickets? Our tickets are yellow.

4 What colour are your suits? Our suits are blue.

5 What colour are your hats? Our hats are black and grey.

6 What colour are your passports? Our passports are green.

7 What colour are your umbrellas? Our umbrellas are black.

8 What colour are your handbags? Our handbags are white.

9 What colour are your ties? Our ties are orange.

10 What colour are your dogs? Our dogs are brown and white.

11 What colour are your pens? Our pens are blue.

12 What colour are your cars? Our cars are red.

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