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新概念英语第一册自学导读 Lessons19-20
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课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.What's the matter?怎么啦?

相当于 What's wrong?或 Tell me what's wrong。这个句型通常用来询问发生了什么事。假如要非凡提及某人,可以在后面加上介词with,如:

What's the matter with you?

你怎么啦?

What's the matter with Claire?

克莱尔怎么啦?

2.Mum,儿语中小孩子对母亲的称呼

与此相似,dad是对父亲的儿语称呼。

3.There's = There is

它表示“有”、“存在”,为 there + be结构的一般现在时缩略形式。

4.Two ice creams please.请拿两份冰淇淋

相当于 Give us two ice creams,please。请参见 Lessons 3~4课文注释。ice cream是物质名词。物质名词前加不定冠词 a或基数词表示一种、一份、一客、一类、一阵等。

语法 Grammar in use

1.there +be结构(1)

在说明或询问人、物等的存在时即可使用there +be结构。说There's an ice cream man比说An ice cream man is there更合乎习惯,也更为自然。there +be结构可将重要的新信息置于句末,以示强调。此结构中的实际主语是be后面的名词。因此,假如该名词是单数就用is,如是复数则为are。

2.人称代词与be

英文中系动词be(是)必须根据不同的人称代词作相应的变化。请参见Lessons15~16语法部分中有关be的一般现在时形式的内容,包括某些缩略形式,如:they are not =they aren't =they're not,we are not = we aren't =we're not。

 

 

词汇学习 Word study

1.thirsty adj.

(1)渴的,口干的:

We're tired and thirsty.

我们又累又渴。

(2)(土地等)干旱的:

a dry and thirsty land 干旱的土地

(3)渴望的,渴求的(for,after):

The students there are thirsty for knowledge.

那里的学生有强烈的求知欲。

2.matter n.

(1)事情,事件:

It's a private matter.

这是件私事。

He's not very interested in financial matters.

他对财政方面的事情并不太感爱好。

(2)麻烦事,困难:

What's the matter, Anna?

怎么了,安娜?

What's the matter with Steven?

史蒂文是怎么回事?

练习答案 Key to written exercises

Lesson 20

A

1 Those children are tired.

2 Their mother is tired, too.

3 That ice cream man is very busy.

4 His ice creams are very nice.

5 What's the matter, children? We are thirsty.

6 What's the matter, Tim? I am tired.

B

1 Are the children tired or thirsty?

They're not tired. They're thirsty.

2 Are the postmen cold or hot?

They're not cold. They're hot.

3 Are the hairdressers thin or fat?

They're not thin. They're fat.

4 Are the shoes small or big?

They're not small. They're big.

5 Are the shops shut or open?

They're not shut. They're open.

6 Are his cases heavy or light?

They're not heavy. They're light.

7 Are grandmother and grandfather young or old?

They're not young. They're old.

8 Are their hats old or new?

They're not old. They're new.

9 Are the policemen short or tall?

They're not short. They're tall.

10 Are his trousers short or long?

They're not short. They're long.

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