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新概念英语第一册5-6课文详解及练习答案
更新:2009-09-11 17:21 作者:ihome 来源:未知 点击:1 次  

课文详注 Further notes on the text

 

1.Good morning.早上好。

 

英语中常见的问候用句。对此问候的回应一般也是Good morning。根据一天中见面时间的不同还可以说Good afternoon (下午好)和 Good evening(晚上好)。有时英美人见面时只简单地说一声Hello。

 

2.This is Miss Sophie Dupont.这位是索菲娅·杜邦小姐。

 

This is+姓名是将某人介绍给他人时常用的句式。课文中的例子还有:

 

Sophie, this is Hans.  索菲娅,这位是汉斯。

 

And this is Naoko. 这位是直子。

 

3.Mr. Blake/Miss Sophie Dupont,布莱克先生/索菲娅·杜邦 小姐。

 

英语国家中人的姓名通常由3部分组成,即:名+中间名+姓。

 

在一般情况下,不用中间名。在熟悉的人中间,以名相称,而在正式的场合中常用 Mr.(先生),Mrs.(太太),Miss(小姐)或Ms.(女士)这些称呼再加上姓。

 

Mr.用于男士的姓之前,不能单独使用,如课文中的 Mr.Blake;而sir 一般单独使用,是对长者、上司或男顾客的尊称,如:

 

Sorry, sir.  对不起,先生。

 

Miss 一般用于指未婚女子,不过有时在不知道对方是否已婚时也可使用。

 

4.Nice to meet you.很高兴见到你。

 

用于初次与他人见面等非正式场合。对方的回应一般应为Nice to meet you,too(我也很高兴见到你)。

 

人们在正式的场合初次见面时常用:How do you do?相应的回答也是:How do you do?这是一句问候语,并非问话。

 

5.国籍与国家名称有别

 

请不要将国家名称和与其对应的国籍搞混。课文的 French,German,Japanese,Korean以及Chinese都是表示国籍的词。句中表示中国国籍的词应为 Chinese 而不是 China。

 

语法  Grammar in use

 

1.特殊疑问句

 

以疑问词 who,what,when,which,why,where,whose,how 等引导的问句都叫特殊疑问句,也叫疑问词疑问句,有时还被称为 wh-问句(wh-question)。结构一般为:疑问词+助动词+主语+主动词等。作为疑问词的what可以用来询问名字、国籍、工作、颜色、型号等。例如以下几个问句:

 

What make is this car?  这辆小汽车是什么牌子的?

 

What nationality are you?  你是哪国人?

 

What is your job?  你的工作是干什么?

 

What colour is it?  它是什么颜色的?

 

What size is this skirt?  这条裙子是多大号的?

 

2.a 和 an

 

Sophie is a new student. 索菲娅是一名新学生。

 

This is an umbrella.  这是一把雨伞。

 

这两个句子中出现的a/an在英语中被称为不定冠词。a和an在意义上没有区别。用a/an时,我们必须记住两条基本原则:

 

(1)a/an有不确定的意义(即所说的人、动物或东西对听者或读者来说可能是不知道的)。

 

(2)a/an只能用于单数可数名词之前。

 

此外还需注意a和an的发音:a(在平时讲话中发/+/音)用于辅音(不是辅音字母)之前;an(/+(/)用于元音(不仅仅是以元音字母a,e,i,o,u开头的词)之前。当我们把a或an用来说明字母表中的字母时,便会一目了然:

 

This is a B/C/D/G/J/K/P/Q/R/T/U/V/W/Y/Z.

 

这是一个 B/C/D/G/J/K/P/Q/R/T/U/V/W/Y/Z字母。

 

This is an A/E/F/H/I/L/M/N/O/S/X.

 

这是一个A/E/F/H/I/L/M/N/O/S/X字母。


词汇学习 Word study

 

1.make  n.(产品的)牌子;类型,型号;式样:

 

What make is your watch?  你的手表是什么牌子的?

 

Her dress is of Italian make. 她的连衣裙是意大利式的。

 

2.English  adj.   英国(人)的;英格兰(人)的;英国化的:

 

Is it an American car or an English car?  它是美国车还是英国车?

 

John is very English.  约翰生活行事非常英国化。

 

练习答案  Key to written exercises

 

Lesson 6

 

A

 

Alice is a student. She isn't German. She is French.

 

This is her car. It is a French car.

 

Hans is a student. He isn't French.

 

He is German. This is his car. It is a German car.

 

B

 

1  Is she a German student or a Japanese student?    She isn't a German student. She's a Japanese student.

 

2  Is this a German car or a French car?           It isn't a German car. It's a French car.

 

3  Is he an Italian student or a German student?          He isn't an Italian student. He's a German student.

 

4  Is she an Italian student or a Chinese student?        She isn't an Italian student. She is a Chinese student.

 

5  Is this an American car or an English car?     It isn't an American car. It's an English car.

 

6  Is he a Japanese student or a Korean student?  He isn't a Japanese student. He's a Korean student.

 

7  Is this an English car or an Italian car?         It isn't an English car. It's an Italian car.

 

8  Is he an English student or a Chinese student?         He isn't an English student. He's a Chinese student.

 

9  Is this a French car or a German car?          It isn't a French car. It's a German car.

 

10  Is this a Chinese car or a Japanese car?     It isn't a Chinese car. It's a Japanese car.

 

11  Is this an English car or an American car?  It isn't an English car. It's an American car.

 

12  Is this a Japanese car or a Korean car?     It isn't a Japanese car. It's a Korean car.

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