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新概念英语第一册61-62 课文详解及练习答案
更新:2009-09-21 10:59 作者:ihome 来源:未知 点击:1 次  

课文详注  Further notes on the text

 

1.fell ill, 感觉病了;look ill, 看起来有病

 

前者指自我感觉,后者指外表形象。ill是表语,look和feel都是系动词,可像am/is/are那样,后面跟形容词。

 

2.…so he must stay in bed for a week.……因此他必须卧床休息一周。

 

so表示“因此”、“所以”。for可以引出一段时间,表示某个动作持续多少时间。又如: for two hours each day 每天两小时

 

3.That's good news for Jimmy. 对吉米来说,这可是个好消息。

 

句中的news是不可数名词,不是复数形式。在英语中,有些以-s 结尾的名词可作单数使用,又如:mumps(腮腺炎),measles (麻疹)。

 

4.She has a headache. 她头疼。

 

根据现代英语习惯,headache前常用不定冠词a。其他ache型的复合词也多用不定冠词,如:an earache(耳疼),a toothache (牙疼),a stomach ache(胃疼)。

 

5.take/have an aspirin, 服/吃一片阿司匹林。

 

6have a temperature, 发烧。= have a fever.

     She has a high fever.  她在发高烧。

 

语法  Grammar in use

 

1.完全动词 have(2)

 

have(和 have got)常与表示疼痛和疾病的名词连用。关于与这种名词连用的不定冠词a/an的用法可有几种情况:

 

(1)必须用不定冠词,如 a cold(感冒),a headache(头疼),a sore throat(嗓子疼):

 

       I have a headache/cold.  我头疼/感冒了。

 

(2)不定冠词可用可不用,如 catch(a)cold(患感冒),have(a)backache/stomach ache/toothache(患背痛/胃痛/牙疼等):

 

       I've had(a) toothache all night.  我牙疼了一整夜。

 

(3)复数形式的疾病名称前面不用冠词。如 measles(麻疹),mumps(流行性腮腺炎),shingles(带状疱疹):

      

       Most children are in bed with mumps.  大多数孩子们都得了流行性腮腺炎,躺在床上。

 

(4)被认为不可数的疾病名称前面不用冠词,如flu(流行性感冒),gout(痛风),hepatitis(肝炎)等:

 

        I was in bed with flu for ten days.  我因患流感,卧床10天。

 

        the也可以与 flu,measles和 mumps等词连用,如:

 

        He's got the flu/the measles/the mumps.   他得了流感/麻疹/腮腺炎。

 

2.must(2)

 

     must是情态助动词(如can一样),它本身没有时态、性或数的变化,也不能单独作谓语动词(简短回答除外)。must表示“必要性”,即某人必须做某事。(请参见 Lessons 29~30语法部分。)

 

词汇学习  Word study

 

1.feel  v.

(1)觉得;感到;意识到:

       I could feel rain on my face.  她感觉到雨点打在我的脸上。

 

       He's feeling a little better today.   他今天感觉好点了。

 

(2)摸,触;(客体)给人某种感觉:

      He felt his pockets and then took out a small box.  他摸摸他的口袋,然后取出一个小盒子。

 

      The silk feels very smooth.  丝绸摸上去很滑爽。

 

(3)认为;以为;相信:

      I feel that he has made a mistake.  我认为他犯了一个错误。

 

      I feel it unnecessary to do so.  我认为这样做没必要。

 

2.remember  v.

(1)记得;回忆:

      Can Mrs. Williams remember the doctor's telephone number?  威廉斯太太记得起医生的电话号码吗?

 

      I remember he used to dress in a blue suit.  我记得他从前常穿一套蓝色衣服。

 

(2)记住;牢记;不忘记:

      I tried hard to remember the long passage of Shakespeare.  我努力记住莎士比亚的大段说白。

 

      Remember your appointment with the dentist.  别忘了你和牙医的预约。

 

练习答案  Key to written exercises

Lesson 62

A

1  He has a cold.

2  He can't go to work.

3  He is not well.

4  He feels ill.

5  He must see a doctor.

6  He does not like doctors.

 

B

1  What's the matter with Elizabeth?

Does she have an earache?

No, she doesn't have an earache.

She has a headache.

So she must take an aspirin.

 

2  What's the matter with George?

Does he have a headache?

No, he doesn't have a headache.

He has an earache.

So he must see a doctor.

 

3  What's the matter with Jim?

Does he have a stomach ache?

No, he doesn't have a stomach ache.

He has a toothache.

So he must see a dentist.

 

4  What's the matter with Jane?

Does she have a toothache?

No, she doesn't have a toothache.

She has a stomach ache.

So she must take some medicine.

 

5  What's the matter with Sam?

Does he have a stomach ache?

No, he doesn't have a stomach ache.

He has a temperature.

So he must go to bed.

 

6  What's the matter with Dave?

Does he have a headache?

No, he doesn't have a headache.

He has flu.

So he must stay in bed.

 

7  What's the matter with Jimmy?

Does he have a headache?

No, he doesn't have a headache.

He has measles.

So we must call the doctor.

 

8  What's the matter with Susan?

Does she have an earache?

No, she doesn't have an earache.

She has mumps.

So we must call the doctor.

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