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新概念英语第一册73-74 课文详解及练习答案
更新:2009-12-09 00:07 作者:ihome 来源:未知 点击:1 次  

课文详注  Further notes on the text

 

1.She does not know London very well. 她对伦敦不很熟悉。

 

     know…well这一短语意为“对……了解”。又如:  I don't know him very well. 我不太了解他。

 

2.…,  and she lost her way. ……因此她迷路了。

 

    句中的 and当“所以”讲,表示结果。 lose one's way, 迷路。

 

3.ask(sb.) the way, (向某人)问路。

 

4.say to oneself, 心中暗想。

 

     注意:talk to oneself意为“自言自语地说”。

 

5.Can you tell me the way to King Street, please? 您能告诉我到国王街怎么走吗?

 

     tell sb. the way(to), 告诉某人(去……的)路。

 

6.cut himself= cut his face。

 

     以整体代替部分是英语中的一种修辞格,叫提喻(synecdoche )。

 

语法  Grammar in use

 

1.副词

副词(adverb)这个词的本意是补充动词的意义。这就是许多副词的作用。它们可以通过修饰动词告诉我们有关句中某个动作的情况,也就是告诉我们某事是如何、何时、何地等发生或进行的。

 

副词可以是单个的词(如 slowly)或词组(如 very well)。单一副词既有以-ly结尾的也有不以-ly结尾的(如 quickly,  fast)。

形容词向副词的转换一般遵循3个规则:

 

(1)在形容词后面直接加-ly,如:

       quick----quickly        hurried----hurriedly        pleasant----pleasantly        warm----warmly

 

(2)以-y结尾的形容词,则把-y改成-i,再加-ly,如:  thirsty----thirstily        happy----happily

 

(3)形容词与副词形式相同:如: late----late       fast----fast        hard----hard        well----well

 

2.部分不规则动词的过去式形式

      go----went       see----saw          understand----understood      take----took     read----read /red/      drink----drank

 

      run----ran        know----knew     say----said     put----put        cut----cut         eat----ate     meet----met     come----came

 

      lose----lost      tell----told           speak----spoke      find----found       give----gave        swim----swam         have----had

 

词汇学习  Word study

 

1.lose  v.

(1)迷失;(使)迷路:

       She did not know London very well, and she lost her way.  她对伦敦不很熟悉,因此迷了路。

 

       It's very easy to lose your way in a strange city.  在一个陌生的城市里,你很容易迷路。

 

(2)失去;丧失:

       He lost his sight in a car accident.  他在一起汽车交通事故中失明了。

 

       She has just lost her job because of carelessness.  她刚刚因疏忽大意而丢了工作。

 

(3)遗失;丢失:

       I can't enter my house because I've lost my key on my way home. 

 

       我进不了自己的房子,因为在回家的路上我把钥匙丢了。

 

       We lost her in the crowd.  我们在人群中找不见她了。

 

2.understand  v.

 

(1)理解;懂:

       He doesn't understand English and you can try French.  他不懂英语,你可以试试法语。

 

       I don't understand what you mean.  我不明白你的意思。

 

(2)明了;了解;得知:

       How the machine works is still not fully understood.  这台机器到底是如何运转的仍未被完全弄清楚。

 

       Only today have I begun to understand the political situation in Northern Ireland.

 

       直到今天我才了解了北爱尔兰的政治局势。

 

练习答案  Key to written exercises

Lesson 74

A

1  He read the phrase slowly.           2  He worked lazily.

3  He cut himself badly.                   4  He worked carefully.

5  The door opened suddenly.

 

B

(sample sentences)

1  He does not know me very well.                  2  She worked very hard.

 

3  She smiled pleasantly.                               4  The bus went hurriedly.

 

5  He shaved slowly.                                     6  She drank a glass of water thirstily.

 

7  He greeted me warmly.                              8  We enjoyed ourselves very much.

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