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新概念英语第一册107-108 课文详解及练习答案
更新:2009-12-09 00:16 作者:ihome 来源:未知 点击:1 次  

课文详注 Further notes on the text

 

1.be in fashion,时髦,流行。

 

2.Would you like…?你愿意……吗? 这个句型常用于表示委婉的请求或提议:

 

     Would you like to go with us?  你乐意与我们一起去吗?

 

3.as well,同时,也。通常用于句末。如:

 

     He knows Spanish as well.  他还懂西班牙语。

 

     too与 as well一般不用于否定句,否定句中用 either。

 

4.Could you…?您能……吗? 用于表示请求,比 Can you…?更加婉转客气:

 

     Could you tell me the way to the post office?  您能告诉我去邮局怎么走吗?

 

5.like that one,像那件那样的。

 

     是介词短语,作定语,修饰dress。

 

语法 Grammar in use

 

形容词的比较级和最高级

 

(1)构成

A 大多数单音节形容词的比较级和最高级的构成是在其原级后面加上-er和-est:

 

small----smaller----smallest    new----newer----newest

 

B 许多单音节形容词只有一个元音字母,其末尾为一辅音字母。在比较级和最高级形式中,这个辅音字母要双写:

 

big----bigger----biggest    thin----thinner----thinnest

 

C 许多单音节形容词以-e结尾,如 nice。这些形容词只需在原级形式后加-r和-st:

 

large----larger----largest    nice----nicer----nicest

 

D 有些形容词以-y结尾,而在-y前是一个辅音字母。这些形容词一般有两个音节。变为比较级和最高级时,-y要变成-i,末尾再加-er和-est:

 

easy----easier----easiest    heavy----heavier----heaviest

 

E 但有少数形容词的比较级和最高级是不规则的,必须熟记,如:

 

good----better----best    bad----worse----worst

 

F 大多数较长的形容词(即有两个以上音节的词)可与more连用构成其比较级形式,与most连用构成其最高级形式。

 

(2)用法

 

比较级只用于两者之间,通常与than连用。形容词比较级之所指假如很清楚,它也可独立存在:

 

This coat is longer.  这件外衣较长。

 

最高级用于3者或3者以上。形容词的最高级在使用时必须加定冠词,并常伴有一个表示范围的介词短语或从句:

 

That girl is the tallest student in our class.  那位姑娘是班上个子最高的学生。

 

 

 

词汇学习 Word study

 

1.compare v.

比较,对照:

The article compares the different features of imported cars on the market.

这篇文章比较了市场上进口汽车的不同特点。

 

Compared to our little garden, his garden seemed like a park.

与我们的花园相比,他的花园就像是一个公园。

 

2.suit v.

(1)适合;适宜于:

Finding a place that suits us all is very difficult.

找到一个适合于我们所有人的地方是很困难的。

 

‘One o'clock? That does not suit me.’

“1点钟?那个时间对我来说不合适。”

 

(2)相当,相当:

He would not be suited to the job. 他不适合干那份工作。

 

Blue suits her.  蓝色与她相配。

 

练习答案 Key to written exercises

Lesson 108

A

1 It is cool today, but it was cooler yesterday.

2 It is wet today, but it was wetter yesterday.

3 He's late again today, but he was later yesterday.

4 This test is easy, but that one is easier.

5 This bookcase is large, but that one is larger.

 

B

1 I am older than you are.

I am the oldest in the class.

2 I am taller than you are.

I am the tallest in the class.

 

3 I am lazier than you are.

I am the laziest in the class.

4 I am heavier than you are.

I am the heaviest in the class.

 

5 I am luckier than you are.

I am the luckiest in the class.

6 I am fatter than you are.

I am the fattest in the class.

 

7 I am thinner than you are.

I am the thinnest in the class.

 

8 I am bigger than you are.

I am the biggest in the class.

 

C

1 But that street is cleaner.

It is the cleanest street I have ever seen.

2 But that man is older.

He is the oldest man I have ever seen.

3 But that river is longer.

It is the longest river I have ever seen.

 

4 But that woman is shorter.

She is the shortest woman I have ever seen.

5 But that knife is blunter.

It is the bluntest knife I have ever seen.

6 But that car is cheaper.

It is the cheapest car I have ever seen.

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