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新概念英语第一册自学导读 Lessons99-100
更新:2009-03-12 11:13 作者:ihome 来源:未知 点击:1 次  

课文详注  Further notes on the text

1.get up,站起来。

这一短语还可表示“起床”。

2.be afraid that,想,恐怕;be sure that, 想,认为。

这两个结构后面通常接从句,在口语中有时that可省略。

语法  Grammar in use

1.宾语从句(1)

宾语从句在句中作宾语,一般用that引导,但在口语中经常省略掉 that.

可用在 say, think, believe, hope, know, understand, suppose 等动词之后:

She says that she is cold.

她说她冷。

He thinks that he needs an X-ray.

他认为他需要拍个X片。

I know that I can repair this car.

我知道我能修理这部车。

They believe that they will have more money.

他们认为他们会有更多的钱。

可用在某些描写感情的形容词之后,如 afraid, sure, sorry,glad等:

I am sure that you need an X-ray.

我觉得你需要拍个X片。

I am sorry that you are ill.

听到你生病了我很难过。

2.间接引述时的时态

如果间接引语中的引述动词是现在时,那么其后的时态通常与原来口头陈述句的时态相同。转述刚刚说完的话时通常皆如此。

词汇学习  Word study

1.slip  v.

(1)滑倒:

She slipped and fell down on the wet stones.

她脚下滑了一下,跌倒在潮湿的石头上。

(2)滑落;脱落:

The soap slipped out of her hand.

肥皂从她的手中滑落。

(3)下滑;下跌:

Profits continue to slip this year.

利润今年呈持续下跌趋势。

(4)遗忘;忽略:

Our wedding anniversary completely slipped my mind.

我把我们的结婚纪念日忘得一干二净。

2.hurt  v.

(1)弄痛;使受伤:

Have you hurt yourself?

你伤着自己了吗?

He fell off the bicycle and hurt his leg.

他从自行车上摔下来,摔伤了一条腿。

(2)危害;损害:

That case has hurt his reputation.

那个案件损害了他的声誉。

I don't mean to hurt you.

我本无意伤害你的感情。

3.help  v.

(1)帮助;援助;救助:

He devoted his life to helping the disabled.

他付出一生的心血去帮助那些残疾人。

Would you help me to lift this box?

你能否帮我抬一下这只箱子?

(2)对……有帮助;对……有好处:

My knowledge of French helped me a lot while I was travelling in France.

我在法国旅行时,我的法文知识帮了我大忙。

Humour can help in a tense situation.

幽默能够缓和紧张局面。

练习答案  Key to written exercises

Lesson 100

A

1  She says that she has found her pen.

2  They say that they must remain here.

3  He says that he remembers you.

4  She says that she doesn't speak English.

5  They say that they are washing the dishes.

B

1  He says that he feels ill.

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