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新概念英语第二册语法-短语-知识点Lesson 1 A private convers
更新:2010-07-03 21:26 作者:ihome 来源:未知 点击:1 次  

 【New words and expressions】(12)

private          adj. 私人的
conversation     n. 谈话
theatre          n. 剧场,戏院
seat             n. 座位
play             n. 戏
loudly           adv. 大声地
angry            adj. 生气的
angrily          adv. 生气地
attention        n. 注意
bear             v. 容忍
business         n. 事
rudely           adv. 无礼地,粗鲁地
 
★private   adj.私人的 
① adj. 私人的
private life  私生活
private school  私立学校
 It's my private letter.  (如果妈妈想看你的信)
It's my private house.  (如果陌生人想进你的房子)
② adj. 普通的
private citizen  普通公民
I’m a private citizen.   (citizen  n. 公民)
private soldier 大兵
《Private Ryan》(《拯救大兵瑞恩》)
 
public  adj. 公众的,公开的(private的反义词)
public school   公立学校
public letter   公开信   
public place   公共场所
 
privacy   n.隐私
It’s privacy.   这是我的隐私!(不愿让别人知道的)
 
★conversation   n.谈话
have a + talk/chat/dialogue/conversation/gossip 名词变动词
conversation 一般用于正式文体中, 内容上往往不正式
subject of conversation   话题
They are having a conversation.
talk 内容可正式可不正式, 也可以私人
 Let’s have a talk.
dialogue 对话, 可以指正式国家与国家会谈
China and Korea are having a dialogue.
chat 闲聊,就是北京人说的“侃”,说的是无关紧要的事。
gossip 嚼舌头, 说长道短
 
★theatre   n.剧场, 戏剧
cinema   n.电影院
★seat    n.座位 
have a good seat/place,这里的seat指place(指地点),而不是chair.
take a seat/take your seat  坐下来, 就坐
Is the seat taken?  这个位置有人吗?
请坐的3种说法 :
Sit down, please.  (命令性)
Take your seat, please.
Be seated, please.  (更礼貌)
 
作为动词的seat与sit的区别
sit(sat,sitten)  vi. 就座
He is sitting there.   他坐在那儿。
seat  vt.让某人就座
seat sb.   让某人就坐,后面会加人
Seat yourself.
You seat him.你给他找个位置.
 
When all those present(到场者)_D_ he began his lecture.
A. sit       B. set      C. seated       D. were seated
sit down  坐下;be seated=take a seat  就坐
 
★angry  adj. 生气的
★angrily  adv. 生气的
angry =cross  
I was angry. /He was cross.
annoyed: 恼火的;
be blue in the face  脸上突然变色
 
程   I was annoyed.
度   I was angry/cross.
加   I was very angry.
深   I am blue in the face.  (脸色都青了, 相当生气了)
 
★attention  n. 注意
Attention ,please. 请注意(口语)
pay attention   注意
pay attention to …   对……注意 
You must pay attention to that girl.
pay a little attention  稍加注意
pay much attention  多加注意
pay more attention  更多注意
pay no attention   不用注意
pay close attention  特别注意
 
★bear(bore, born)   v. 容忍
① vt. 承受,支撑,承担,负担
Can the ice bear my weight?
Who will bear the cost?   谁来承担这笔费用?
② vt. 忍受(一般与can/could连用于疑问句及否定句中)
She eats too fast. I can’t bear to watch/watching her.  她吃得太快。我看着受不了。
How can you bear living in this place?   你怎么能受得了住在这个地方?
bear =stand =put up with
I can't bear/stand you.
endure:忍受,容忍
put up with :忍受
I got divorced(离婚).I could not put up with him
bear/stand/endure  忍受的极限在加大
 
bear n.熊  white bear 白熊
bear hug :热情 (热烈)的拥抱
give sb. a bear hug
 
★business  n. 事, 生意
① n. 生意
business man :生意人
do business: 做生意
go to some place on business:因公出差
I went to Tianjin on business.
② n. 某人自己的私人的事情
It's my business. (指私人的事, 自己处理的事)
It's none of your business.  不关你的事。
 
★rudely  adv. 无礼地, 粗鲁地
rude adj. 粗鲁的,无礼的
★pay  vt. &vi. 支付
① vt. &vi. 支付(价款等)
Have you paid the taxi-driver?
You can pay a deposit of thirty pounds…   您可以先付30英镑的定金……
I’ll pay by instalments.
I paid 50 dollars for this skirt.  (pay…for sth.   花/支付……(钱)买……)
② vt. &vi. 给予(注意等);去(访问)
They did not pay any attention.
We paid a visit to our teacher last Sunday.   上星期天我们去拜访了老师。
③  n. 工资,报酬
I have not received my pay yet.  我还没有领到工资。
 
【Text】
Last week I went to the theatre. I had a very good seat. The play was very interesting. I did not enjoy it. A young man and a young woman were sitting behind me. They were talking loudly. I got very angry. I could not hear the actors. I turned round. I looked at the man and the woman angrily. They did not pay any attention. In the end, I could not bear it. I turned round again. "I can't hear a word!" I said angrily.
"It's none of your business," the young man said rudely. "This is a private conversation!"
 
参考译文:
上星期我去看戏. 我的座位很好, 戏很有意思, 但我却无法欣赏. 一青年男子与一青年女子坐在我的身后, 大声地说着话. 我非常生气, 因为我听不见演员在说什么. 我回过头去怒视着那一男一女, 他们却毫不理会. 最后, 我忍不住了, 又一次回过头去, 生气地说 : “我一个字也听不见了!”
“不关你的事, “那男的毫不客气地说, “这是私人间的谈话!”
 
【课文讲解】
1、Last week I went to the theatre.
动词go的原义是离开一个地方去另一个地方,与介词to连用后,常加上主语所要去的目的来代表主语的动作目的。
go to the +地点  表示去某地干嘛
go to the theatre = go to the theatre to see a play去剧场看戏
go to the cinema =see a film  去电影院看电影
go to the dairy  去牛奶店
go to the + 人 + 's 表示去这个人开的店
go to the doctor's 去看病;go to the butcher's 买肉
 
以下短语中名词前不加冠词: 
go to school 去上学;go to church 去做礼拜;go to hospital(医院) 去看病;go to bed  上床,睡觉;go home(跟home相连一定表示没有事情可做,回家休息)
I am at home.  在家休息
 
2、I had a very good seat.
seat一般指戏院、汽车等配置的固定座位,也可以抽象地表示“座位”或“位子”等概念。
the front seat of a car  汽车的前座
Take a seat, please.   请坐。
3、I did not enjoy it.
enjoy  vt. 欣赏,享受,喜爱
① enjoy +n.  喜欢,从当中得到一种享受(后面不能跟人)
I enjoy the music.
enjoy the dinner/film/program/game
② enjoy oneself/代词   玩的开心
We always enjoy ourselves.
③ enjoy +动名词
Jane doesn’t enjoy swimming. She enjoys going to the theatre.
 
4、I got very angry. 
get在这里有“逐渐变得”的含义,接近become,是个表示过程的动词,表示状态的变化。而I was very angry则仅表示当时的状态是生气,并不暗示过程。
I am/was angry. 是一个事实 
I got angry.  强调变化过程
It is hot.
It got hot.
got取代be动词,got是一个半联系动词,可以直接加形容词。
 
5、I could not hear the actors. I turned round.
hear+人:听见某人的话
I could not hear you. Beg your pardon?
I couldn't hear you./I couldn't hear a word./I couldn't catch your words.
I couldn't hear you clearly./I couldn't catch your words.
Beg your pardon? /I couldn't catch your words.
turn round =turn around  转身
 
6、In the end, I could not bear it.
in the end 最后,终于,表示一段较长的时间之后或某种努力之后
  She tried hard to finish her homework by herself. In the end, she had to ask her brother for help.
I could not bear it/you/the noise.
 
7、I can't hear a word!
I can't hear a word.
美音:肯定I can [kAn] 否定,I can't[kAnt]?,它的/t/是吞进去的, 在读音上很难区别 , 只能根据上下文来定
hear a word of sb.  (a word 等于一句话)
He didn't say a word.
May I speak to Jim?/May I have a word with Jim?
 
8、It's none of your business.
one’s business  指某人(所关心的或份内)的事
It's none of your business./None of your business./It's my business.  不关你的事。
It is my business to look after your health.   我必须照顾你的身体健康。
none相当于not any或no one,但语气较强。
She kept none of his letters.  他的信件她一封也没有保留。
none of 这个短语有时可以表达一种断然、甚至粗暴的口气,尤其是在祈使句中:
None of your silly remarks!  别说傻话了!
 
【Key structures】 
简单陈述句的语序
陈述句一定是有主语,有动词,有宾语,有句号
   6        1           2         3          4           5          6
when?    Who?       Action     Who?        How?       Where?     When?
          Which?                Which?
         What?                 What?
1 ---主语,一般由名词、代词或名词短语构成,通常位于动词之前,动词必须与主语一致,即主语决定动词的单复数形式
2 ---谓语,由动词充当
3 ---宾语,一般为名词、代词或名词短语
4 ---副词或介词短语,对方式或状态提问,往往做状语 I like her very much
5 ---地点状语,一般在方式副词之后,时间副词之前
6 ---时间状语,可以放在句首或句末 
简单陈述句一定不能少的是主语, 谓语.
如果问何时何地,是一个固定搭配  when and where
 
【Multiple choice questions】
1 The writer turned round. He looked at the man and the woman angrily ___b___ .
a. and they stopped talking         b. but they didn't stop talking
c. but they didn't notice him      d. but they looked at him rudely
"They did not pay any attention."  不是没看见,只是思想上没在意
pay attention: 从思想上注意、在意,如交通安全应注意.
notice: 眼睛上注意(=see 眼睛看)
I notice her.
4 The young man and young woman were sitting behind him. He was sitting ___d___ them.
a. before      b. above      c. ahead of     d. in front of
behind:     在……后面 
in front of  在……前面 (相对静止的概念)
before   在……前面 (后面加词或句子,一般和时间相连)
He arrived before six o'clock.
before he came back
above   在……上面
ahead of   在……前面 (+时间、位置)(动态的行为)
ahead of time
He goes ahead of me.
 
5 ___c___ did the writer feel? Angry.
a. Where     b. Why     c. How      d. When
特殊疑问词对后面的答案提问
how(adv.)——对一个方式、状态提问,对形容词、副词、介词短语提问
 
7 The young man and the young woman paid ___d___ attention to the writer.
a. none          b. any         c. not any           d. no
any ——用在否定句和疑问句中
some——用在肯定句中
none——代词,没有任何东西、没有任何人 
None knows./None of us knows.
not——否定词,要放在非实义动词后面
not any=no
He didn't pay attention.
no ——形容词、修饰名词
I don't have any friends./I have no friends.
I have no time./I don't have any time.
 
11 The writer could not bear it. He could not ___c___ it.
a. carry     b. suffer   c. stand    d. lift
bear   忍受=stand
suffer  遭受,忍受 (精神或肉体上)痛苦,suffer后面必须加一种痛苦
I suffer the headache.(肉体上的痛苦)
He often suffers defeat.(精神上的痛苦)(defeat   n. 失败)
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