【New words and expressions】（4）
beggar n. 乞丐
food n. 食物
pocket n. 衣服口袋
call v. 拜访，光顾
★beggar n. 乞丐
I beg your pardon?
beg for 乞求得到
ask for 请求得到（ask sb. for sth. 向某人索要某物）
★food n. 食物（不可数）
a lot of food
★pocket n. 衣服口袋
inner pocket 内口袋；jacket pocket 夹克的口袋；coat pocket 大衣口袋
pocket book 袖珍书；pocket dictionary 袖珍词典
pocket pick 车上的小偷
pocket money (小孩的)零花钱
get exact change 准备好正确的零花钱
beer money (男人的)零花钱
★call v. 拜访, 光顾
① vt.&vi. 叫，喊
I heard someone calling.
call out =shout 大声喊
② vt. 呼唤，召唤
Lucy is sick. Please call a doctor.
③ vi. 访问，拜访；（车、船等）停靠
Amy called (at our house) yesterday.
The train calls at large stations only. 这列火车只停大站。
call on sb. 拜访某人
I will call on you. 我要去你家。
call at+地点＝visit someplace 拜访某地
I will call at your home. 我要去你家。
④ vt.&vi. 打电话
call sb =call up sb. 给某人打电话
call back 回某人电话
Can you take a message for me? =Can you tell him to call back?
call in sb. 招集和邀请某人
For the project, the government called in a lot of experts.
I have just moved to a house in Bridge Street. Yesterday a beggar knocked at my door. He asked me for a meal and a glass of beer. In return for this, the beggar stood on his head and sang songs. I gave him a meal. He ate the food and drank the beer. Then he put a piece of cheese in his pocket and went away. Later a neighbour told me about him. Everybody knows him. His name is Percy Buttons. He calls at every house in the street once a month and always asks for a meal and a glass of beer.
我刚刚搬进了大桥街的一所房子. 昨天一个乞丐来敲我的门, 问我要一顿饭和一杯啤酒. 作为回报, 那乞丐头顶地倒立起来, 嘴里还唱着歌. 我给了他一顿饭. 他把食物吃完, 又喝了酒. 然后把一块乳酪装进衣袋里走了. 后来, 一位邻居告诉了我他的情况. 大家都认识他, 他叫珀西.巴顿斯. 他每月对这条街上的每户人家光顾一次, 总是请求给他一顿饭和一杯啤酒.
1、Yesterday a beggar knocked at my door.
★knock v. 敲门
① vi. 敲门
I knocked, but no one answered.
knock at 敲（门、窗等）
knock at the door；knock at the window
② vt.&vi. 碰撞
You always knock things off the table. 你总是碰掉桌上的东西。
Jim was knocked over by a bus this morning. 今天上午吉姆被一辆公共汽车撞倒了。
She has knocked a cup over again. 她又碰倒了一个杯子。
③ vt. 把（某人）打成……状态
He knocked Tom out yesterday. 他昨天把汤姆打昏过去了。
They knocked five dollars off the price of the coat.
The shop assistant knocked 10% off the bill.（He reduced the price by 10%.）
When do you usually knock off? 你一般什么时候下班？
He knocked off for lunch at half past eleven. 他十一点半休息吃中午饭。
2、He asked me for a meal and a glass of beer.
ask (sb.) for sth =request for sth. 问某人要什么东西
（for为了这个目的去请求某人, sb.更多的时候不出现, ask for sth.）
The boy asked (his parents)for money again/once more.
3、In return for this, the beggar stood on his head and sang songs.
in return for this 作为对……的回报，作为交换（this 在代词当中常常指代上文的一件事情）
I'll buy a present for him in return for hospitality. （hospitality adj. 热情）
in return 作为回报
You lent me this interesting book last month. In return (for it), I’ll show you some picture books.
In return for your help, I invite you to spend the weekend with my family.
He doesn't want anything in return. 他不想得到任何回报
stood on his head 倒立
stand on one's hands 用手着地(hand单数就是一只手, 双手复数)
stand on one's knees 跪着, 膝盖
lie on one's back 仰面躺着
lie on one's side 侧躺
lie on one's stomach 趴着
4、Later a neighbour told me about him.
Please tell me about the accident.
tell sb. about sth. 告诉某人某事（about关于, 通过其他事自己得出的结论）
tell you about him
tell you about the word 解释这个单词的意思
tell sb. sth. 告诉某人某件事(把事情直接告诉)
tell you the news
tell you the word 直接告诉这个单词
5、Everybody knows him.
所有的不定代词作为主语一律为单数看待 : somebody，anybody，everything等
6、He calls at every house in the street once a month and always asks for a meal and a glass of beer.
calls at 光顾，拜访
in the street（英国）/on the street（美国）
once a month 一个月一次, 单位表达方式
once adj. 表示每……一次（表示频率时后面直接加表示时间的名词）, 计量单位 “/” （每……）
five kilometers an hour
He goes back to the South once a year.
A, The and Some
A tiger is a dangerous animal.
Tigers are dangerous.
Salt is necessary for/to us all.
a和the的区别：a是泛指, a man；特指, the man
A man is walking towards me. The man is carrying a parcel. The parcel is full of meat.
I have just drunk a glass of milk. Milk is very refreshing.
I ate an apple. Apples are delicious.
She always buys flour, sugar and tea at the grocer's.
a Mr. Zhang 张先生这类人
put v. 放
put on 穿上，戴上
tak v. 拿走
take off 脱掉，摘掉
look v. 看
look at 看；look for 寻找；look after 照顾；look out 当心；look out of 向外看
call at；call on；call in；call back；
call for 去取某物, 去接某人；需要
The problem calls for immediate action. 这个问题需要立即采取行动
knock v. 敲
knock at 敲门
knock off 下班
He knocked off earlier.
knock off 打折
Knock 10% off the price.
knock sth. off+地点
knock the vase off the table
I knocked the boy off the bicycle.
A car knocked the boy over.
knock out 打晕, 在拳击场合中, 把人打倒在地叫knock out(专用术语)
He did not know how to fight, but he knocked the boxer out.
【Multiple choice questions】
5 A neighbour told me about him. He ___d___ Percy Buttons was a beggar.
a. told b. said me c. told to me d. said
He says + 句子；He says +that+句子；say to sb.
tell sb. +that+句子
He said to me/He told me 他告诉我
He told me he was a Beggar./He said he was a Beggar.
6 Everybody knows him. ___a___ know him.
a. They all b. Each c. Every d. All they
all of us, we all 我们所有人
every adj. 每一个
every <adj.> +n. 每一个(书, 本, 人等)
every person likes…
each adj.&pron. 每一个
each <adj.> +n；each <pron.>直接作主语或者宾语
each <adj.> person likes.../each <pron.> likes...
Each child in the school was questioned.
Every child enjoys Christmas.
Each of us has his own work to do.
They each have a share.
7 ___d___ does he call? Once a month.
a. How seldom b. How long c. How soon d. How often
once a month 每月一次, 属于频率
对频率提问 : how often
How often do you visit your mother? 对时间和次数提问
提问多久 : how long
How long do you visit your mother? 对时间提问
提问次数 : how many times
How many times do you visit your mother each month?
how soon 多久以后
How soon will you finish your homework?
8 A beggar is a person who ___a___ .
a. asks for money but doesn't work b. asks for food
c. works hard d. is out of work
out of work 失业
I am out of work./I lose my job.
10 She gave him a piece of cheese. He put the ___a___ of cheese in his pocket.
a. bit b. bar c. block d. packet
a bit of /a piece of 在英文中经常互用
bar 门闩 : 长条状 :
a bar of chocolate; a bar of soap
block n. 房子；块, 一大块；v. 堵塞
12 All the houses in our ___a___ are the same age and size.
a. street b. way c. road d. route
same age and size 同年代同样式
street 两边有房子的街道, 强调城市里的街道
way, on the way, in the way 挡住某人的路(强调方向)
road home 通往家的路 (张艺谋的影片《我的父亲母亲》的英文名)
1.How can you___B___if you are not ____?
A. listening/hearing B. hear/listening
C. be listening/hear D. be hearing/listening to
2.The girl even won't have her lunch before she__D__her homework.
A. will finish B. is finishing C. had finished D. finishes
3.Those who have applied for the post__A__in the office.
A. are being interviewed B. are interviewing
C. interviewing (光动词+ing不能构成谓语)
D. to be interviewing (不定式不能构成谓语动词)
apply for 申请
4.The old scientist __C___to do more for the country.
A. is wishing B. has been wishing C. wishes D. has been wished
wish sb. to do 希望某人做某事
5.If he___B___,don't wake him up.
A. still sleeps B. is still sleeping
C. still had been sleeping D. will be sleeping still