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新概念英语第二册语法_短语_知识点Lesson 22 A glass envelope
更新:2010-07-07 20:36 作者:ihome 来源:未知 点击:1 次  

【New words and expressions】(4)

dream   v. 做梦,梦想

age   n. 年龄

channel   n. 海峡

throw   v. 扔,抛

★dream      v. 做梦, 梦想

① vt. 做梦,梦见

dream that +从句

I dreamt/dreamed (that) I was in Scotland.

② vi. 做梦,梦见(与of,about连用)

dream on     继续做梦, 痴心妄想(做你的梦去吧!别痴心妄想了!)

dream of/about sth.     梦想

I often dream of/about you.

dream of doing sth.     梦想

I dreamed of flying in the sky.

I dreamed of finding the gold. / I dream of being a good teacher.

think of      想,考虑,想起

  Do you ever think of the girls you met at a party?


③ n. 梦;梦想,幻想

have a dream = dream a dream     做了一个梦

Have a good/sweat dream!     祝你做个好梦!

Have you heard of the American Dream?

dream boat    梦中情人, 梦寐以求的(物, 人)

Do you have dream boat?     你有梦中情人吗?

daydream     思想开小差,做白日梦

She is daydreaming.

★age      n. 年龄

teengager    n. 十几岁的人

adolenscent [9AdEJ`lesEns]     n. 青春期(一般指成年以前由13至15的发育期)

★throw(threw,thrown)    v. 扔, 抛

① vt. 投,扔,抛

Don’t throw stones at the dog.

Throw the ball to Tom.

throw away     扔掉

Shall I throw this old newspaper away?

② 把……对准目标,向……作出举动

George was very happy today. Julie had thrown a smile at him in the morning.

The boss threw him an angry look.


My daughter, Jane, never dreamed of receiving a letter from a girl of her own age in Holland. Last year, we were travelling across the Channel and Jane put a piece of paper with her name and address on it into a bottle. She threw the bottle into the sea. She never thought of it again, but ten months later, she received a letter from a girl in Holland. Both girls write to each other regularly now. However, they have decided to use the post office. Letters will cost a little more, but they will certainly travel faster.


我的女儿简从未想过会接到荷兰一位同龄姑娘的来信. 去年, 当我们横渡英吉利海峡时, 简把写有她姓名和住址的一张纸条装进了一只瓶子, 又将瓶子扔进了大海. 此后她就再没去想那只瓶子. 但10个月以后, 她收到了荷兰一位姑娘的来信. 现在这两位姑娘定期通信了. 然而她们还是决定利用邮局. 这样会稍微多花点钱, 但肯定是快得多了.


1、My daughter, Jane, never dreamed of receiving a letter from a girl of her own age in Holland.

同位语 My daughter,Jane

dream of doing sth.   梦想,幻想……

…of one's own age      同年龄的……

 He is boy of my own age.

receive …from…      从……收到……

2、Last year, we were travelling across the Channel and Jane put a piece of paper with her name and address on it into a bottle.

the Channel= the English Channel  英吉利海峡

with可放在句子后面做状语用,也可放在名词后面做定语。这里的“with her name and address on it”用来修饰名词“a piece of paper”。

I have a bag with books in it.(“in it” 不能省略)

3、Both girls write to each other regularly now.

write to sb.   给某人写信  

write (a letter) to me

each other     相互,彼此,往往强调两者之间的相互 ([i:tF 5QTE] 注意连读)有时这个短语也可用来指许多人之间“互相”

  We must all help each other.

one another    强调三或三者以上的相互,有时可替代each other

4、Letters will cost a little more, but they will certainly travel faster.


It costs a lot to buy a house.

sth. cost (sb.)    ……花了某人……(钱) 

The dress cost me twenty pounds.

more即可做形容词, 又可做代词,文中的 “more” 为代词 = more money

give me more     再给我一点

a little 稍微,可以修饰比较级;much修饰比较级,译为“多得多”

It's a little hotter. 

It's much hotter.

That is more expensive.   (贵一些)

That is a little more expensive.  (稍微有点贵)

That is much more expensive.   (贵得多)

but they will certainly travel faster.

=but they will certainly travel much faster.

【Key structures】 

跟of, from, in和on的动词


1、后接of的动词:accuse of(控告);approve of(赞成);assure of(让……放心);beware of(谨防);boast of/ about(夸耀), complain of/about(埋怨);consist of(由……组成);convince of/about(使信服);cure of(治愈);despair of(丧失……希望);dream of/about(幻想);expect of/from(期望);hear of/from(听到……消息);be/get rid of(摆脱);smell of(闻到);suspect of(对……猜疑);think of/about(思考);tired of(对……感到厌烦);warn of/against(警告……有危险)

Someone must warm him of the difficulties.      必须有人提醒他有这些困难。

He has already been warned of them.     他已经被警告过了。

Don’t expect too much of your child.

He must have spoken of the matter to John.

I have never heard of the actress.

2、后接from的动词:borrow from(从……借); defend from/against (保护……使免于);demand from/of(向……要求);differ from(有别于);dismiss from(解雇);draw from(从……中得出);emerge from(从……出现);escape from(从……逃出);excuse from/for(允许不……);hinder from(阻止);prevent from(妨碍);prohibit from(不准许);protect from/against(向……提抗议);receive from(接到);separate from(把……分开);suffe from(受难)

He has already received money from three aunts.    他已经收到三个姑妈的钱了

He borrowed three books from Mary.

He always asked for help from parents.

3、后接in的动词:believe in(信仰);delight in(喜欢);employ(ed) in (从事);encourage in(鼓励);engage(d) in(正做);experience(d) in(在……有经验);fail  in(没有尽到);help in/with(帮助);include in(包括);indulge in(沉醉);instruct in(教导);interest(ed) in(对……感兴趣);invest in(投资);involved in(卷入);persist in(坚持);share in(分享)

She delights in working hard.  她喜欢努力工作。

He failed in his French test.   他法语考试没有通过。

Jack helped me in driving the sheep home.  杰克帮我把羊赶回家。

Mrs. Turner is experienced in teaching.   特纳夫人很有教学经验。

4、后接on的动词:act on(遵守);based on(在……基础上);call on(拜访);comment on(评论);concentrate on(集中于);congratulate on(祝贺);consult on/about(商量);count on(依赖);decide on(决定);depend on(依靠);economize on(节约);embark on(从事);experiment on(尝试);insist on(坚持); lean on/against(倚靠于……);live on(靠……为生);operate on(起作用);perform on/in(扮演);pride(oneself) on(为……感到自豪);rely on(依靠);vote on a motion/for someone(对……表决(投……的票));, write on/about(写……的事);.

I think he wrote on the cost of living.   我想他写的是关于生活费用方面的。

He finally decided on going home.  他最后决定回家。

You can’t live on fruit only.  你不能只吃水果。

Last Sunday, we called on Mr. Dupont.  

【Multiple choice questions】

3  Jane never dreamed ___d___ a letter.

a. to receive     b. to receiving   c . of receive  d. that she would receive

dream of doing sth./dream that +从句

8  We were travelling across the Channel. We went on a ___c___ across the Channel.

a. sail  b. travel  c. trip  d. run

go on a trip 进行旅行

9  Jane wrote her name and address on a ___d___ of paper.

a. lump  b. bar  c. tube  d. sheet

a lump of paper     一团纸

a bar of      一条, 一块

a tube of paper      一桶(管)纸

a piece of paper/a sheet of paper 一张纸

10  Both girls often write to each other now. They write ___a___ .

a. frequently  b. occasionally  c. sometimes  d. now and again

often = frequently

occasionally(偶尔) = sometimes(有时) = now and again(时而, 不时)

7  The girls write ___a___ regularly now.

a.to one another  b.the one to the other  c.each to other  d.to other

one another(三者) = each other(两者)      互相,彼此,一般可互换

They love each other.