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新概念英语第二册语法短语知识点Lesson 24 It could be worse
更新:2010-07-07 20:39 作者:ihome 来源:未知 点击:1 次  

【New words and expressions】(7)

manager   n. 经理

upset   adj. 不安

sympathetic   adj. 表示同情的

complain   v. 抱怨

wicked   adj. 很坏的,邪恶的

contain   v. 包含,内装

honesty   n. 诚实


★manager      n. 经理(用能力, 办事的)

boss     n. 老板(有钱)

head     n. 头儿,领导(表示重要,系亲密的人物)


★upset     adj. 不安(事发后)

nervous     adj. 紧张,不安(事发前)


★complain  v. 抱怨

① vi. 抱怨,发牢骚,诉苦(常与of,about连用)

complain of/about …(to sb.)    对某人/向某人抱怨……

Don’t complain about/of the weather.

I compianed of my salary to my boss.

② vi. 控告,抗议(与of,about连用)

The people in that district complained to the police about the noise from that factory.

那家工厂噪音太大,当地的人们已向警方投诉。

Mary complained to the Jacksons about the rubbish they had thrown everywhere.

杰克逊一家乱扔垃圾,玛丽已向他们提出抗议。


★wicked      adj. 很坏的, 邪恶的

① adj. 邪恶的,坏的(道德上的坏,可用 “evil” 替代)

She saw a wiched smile on his face.

② adj. 淘气的,顽皮的(尤指小孩)

Don’t be so wicked, Tom.

③ adj.(天气)恶劣的

Few people walked about in this wicked weather.


★contain     v. 包含, 内装(强调用容器装)

container     n. 集装箱,容量

contain     v. 用容器装 

The cup contains water. = The cup is full of water.

The bag contains books.

include     v. 包含


★honesty      n. 诚实

honest      adj. 诚实的

honestly  adv. 诚实地

I honestly don’t know.  我真的不知道。


【Text】

I entered the hotel manager's office and sat down. I had just lost $50 and I felt very upset. 'I left the money in my room,' I said, 'and it's not there now.' The manager was sympathetic, but he could do nothing. 'Everyone's losing money these days,' he said. He started to complain about this wicked world but was interrupted by a knock at the door. A girl came in and put an envelope on his desk. It contained $50. 'I found this outside this gentleman's room,' she said. 'Well,' I said to the manager, 'there is still some honesty in this world!'


参考译文

我走进饭店经理的办公室, 坐了下来. 我刚刚丢了50英镑, 感到非常烦恼. “我把钱放在房间里, “我说, “可现在没有了. “经理深表同情, 但却无能为力. “现在大家都在丢钱, “他说. 他开始抱怨起这个邪恶的世道来, 却被一阵敲门声打断了. 一个姑娘走了进来, 把一个信封放在了他桌上. 它里面装着50英镑. “这是我在这位先生的房门外捡到的, “她说.  “是啊, “我对那位经理说, “这世界上还是有诚实可言的!”


【课文讲解】

1、I entered the hotel manager's office and sat down.

the hotel manger’s office  名词可以修饰名词

telephone number   电话号码

the village fair   乡村集市 (the fair of the village = the fair in the village)


2、I had just lost $50 and I felt very upset.

lose      vt. 遗失,丢失(宾语一般为钱物)

  Don’t lose your key.

feel +形容词一般指心情“觉得……,感觉到……”

  feel upset    心烦意乱,很苦恼


3、The manager was sympathetic, but he could do nothing.

could do nothing= could do nothing about it      对此事无能为力

I could do nothing to help you.     我没有办法帮你, 我无能为力

Can you help me?

Sorry,I could do nothing for you. / Certainly.  Of couse. It’s my pleasure.


4、'Everyone's losing money these days,' he said.

days可以指“时期,时代”,如in his boyhood days(在他的童年时代)。these days指“现今”用进行时态取代一般现在时, 在英文是一种修辞方法, 表示不满, 一种感情。


5、He started to complain about this wicked world but was interrupted by a knock at the door.

start to do sth. = start doing sth.     开始做某事,两者无区别

a knock at the door (敲门声)

knock at the door (敲门, 指动作)

 

6、A girl came in and put an envelope on the desk.

=A girl came in with an envelope and put it on the desk.


【Multiple choice questions】

4  He could do nothing. He couldn't do ___c___ .

a. something  b. nothing  c. anything   d. everything

I can do nothing for you.

nothing=not anything;  not any=no


6  Where did she find the money? ___a___ the room.

a. Outside  b. Out of  c. Out    d. Without

outside   adv&prep. 在外面

He is outside./He is outside the school.

out of   从……到外面去, 一定要和有实在意义的动词连用

get/go/come out of

out     adv. 在……外面, 副词不会加名词


10  He lost his money. His money was ___b___ .

a. losing  b. missing  c. going away  d. disappearing

lose    v. 丢失

sb. lose sth.     人丢失东西(宾语一般为钱物)

miss    v. 怀念, 错过, 丢失

missing     adj. 丢失的

My keys are lost/missing.

I lose my book /My book was lost /is missing /be missed.

My child is missing.   (人丢了只能用missing,不能用be lost)

missing boy    失踪的孩子

go away     离开(人走)

sb. go away

be gone     不见了

《Gone with wind》  《飘》(随风而逝),

My book is gone.  我的书不见了

disappear    vi. 不见了(瞬间动词), 没有被动语态, 也很少用进行时态

His money disppeared.

表示东西不见了的几种表示:lose sth./sth. be lost;sth. is missing;sth. is gone.;sth./sb. disappear/disappeared

 

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