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新概念英语第二册语法短语知识点Lesson 32 Shopping made easy
更新:2010-07-09 14:14 作者:ihome 来源:未知 点击:1 次  

【New words and expressions】(6)
once   adv. 曾经,以前
temptation   n. 诱惑
article   n. 物品,东西
wrap   v. 包裹
simply   adv. 仅仅
arrest   v. 逮捕


★once     adj. 曾经, 以前
① once = long long ago    很久以前
② once    一次
I visited my mother once a month. (一次)
③ once    连接从句,表示“一旦”
Once you leave my company, you must return the house.

★temptation n 诱惑
temptation to do sth.     ……的诱惑
temptation to steal      偷窃的诱惑
resist the temptation to do sth.      抵抗不了……的诱惑 
(resist []     vt. 抵抗, 反抗, 抗, 忍得住)
I can't resist the temptation to laugh.

★article     n. 物品, 东西
① n. 文章
This is a good article.
② n. 物品, 东西(强调的是商店里的一个一个的东西, 是可数名词, 单独的东西, 独立的个体)
thing    n. 指任何的东西(和article不可相互取代)
cargo []     n. 船货, (车、船、飞机等运输的)货物
goods      n. 货物, 商店里的货物的总称

★wrap     v. 包裹
wrap sth. up      把……打包
Please wrap them (up) for me.    请替我把他们包好
pack    v. 打包(指为了携带, 运输的方便而打包)
I will take/get/have it. Please wrap them for me. / Please pack them for me.

★simply     adv. 仅仅
simply = only = just

★arrest   v. 逮捕
① vt. 逮捕,扣留
When she was arrested, she refused to say anything.
The criminal was arrested.
(criminal []    n. 罪犯, 犯罪者;adj. 犯罪的, 犯法的, 罪恶的)
② n. 逮捕,扣留
sb. be under arrest   某人被逮捕
  Tony is under arrest now.
control/under control     控制/被控制
③ vt. 吸引(注意等)
arrest one's attention      吸引某人的注意
The beauty of the woods arrested the tourists.     树林的美丽景色吸引了游客。
He was arrested by her words.     她的话吸引了他。


【Text】
People are not so honest as they once were. The temptation to steal is greater than ever before--especially in large shops. A detective recently watched a well-dressed woman who always went into a large store on Monday mornings. One Monday, there were fewer people in the shop than usual when the woman came in, so it was easier for the detective to watch her. The woman first bought a few small articles. After a little time, she chose one of the most expensive dresses in the shop and handed it to an assistant who wrapped it up for her as quickly as possible. Then the woman simply took the parcel and walked out of the shop without paying. When she was arrested, the detective found out that the shop assistant was her daughter. The girl 'gave' her mother a free dress once a week !

参考译文
人们不再像以前那样诚实了. 偷窃的诱惑力比以往任何时候都更强烈——特别是在大的商店里. 一名侦探最近注意上了一位穿着讲究的妇女, 她总是在星期一上午进入一家大商场. 有一个星期一, 当这位妇女走进这家商场时, 里面的人比往常少, 因此, 侦探比较容易监视她. 这位妇女先是买了几样小商品. 过了一会几, 她又选了商场里最昂贵的一件衣服, 把它递给了售货员. 那售货员以最快的速度为她包好了衣服. 然后, 那妇女拿过包就走出了商场, 根本没有付钱. 她被逮捕后, 侦探发现原来那售货员是她的女儿. 那姑娘每星期 “送” 她母亲一件免费的衣服!

【课文讲解】
1、shopping made easy
made 为过去分词, 有 “被” 的意思(标题不用句子, 所以标题省略be)
make    v. 制造;使……怎么样
make the room clean
make shopping easy =Shopping be made easy.(句子)

2、People are not so honest as they once were.
as…as…      和……一样(as+ adj./adv. +as +比较对象)
This case is as light as that one.
It is as heavy as that one.     这个东西和那个东西一样重
as…as…的否定形式是not so…as…/not as…as…
It is not as heavy as that one.    这个东西不如那个东西重
I am taller than you/you are not as tall as I.
less +原级 +than=not as…as…=not so…as…   不如……那样……(比较状语从句)
I am not so lucky as those fisherman.
once表示“以前,曾经”时只能与动词的过去式连用:
  He once worked at a large company.

3、The temptation to steal is greater than ever before--especially in large shops.
the temptation to steal      偷窃的诱惑力
  The temptation to smoke is strong for him.   (to smoke为不定式)
要表现现在与过去的比较, 有两种方式 :
① they are 与 they were 或 it is /it was等在用不同时态比
they are 与 they were 在用不同时态比
You are more beautiful than you were.     你比过去漂亮多了
You look better than you were.    (省略句 : You look better.)
Is this your car? It was my car.     以前是我的车子。
You were worse.    (表示You are better.你过去更差劲, 表示现在比以前更好了)
I think       我想……
I thought     我原以为……
② 用短语than ever before
People are not so honest as before. = People are not so honest as they once were.

4、A detective recently watched a well-dressed woman who always went into a large store on Monday mornings.
watch    v. 观察, 监视; 当心(口语中)
watch the enemy
watch sth.    当心 
Watch your head!    (威胁)
“well+动词的过去分词”组成复合形容词,做定语
well-designed     设计得不错
well-educated     有教养的

5、One Monday, there were fewer people in the shop than usual when the woman came in, so it was easier for the detective to watch her.
as usual     象平常 ;than usual    比平常
so it was easier for the detective to watch her. (句中用“easier”有潜在的比较含义,it 是形式主语,for sb.中的sb.是逻辑主语
It be动词+形容词+for sb. to do sth.      对某人来说做什么事……
The teacher bought a lot of dresses to make her more beautiful.
(更漂亮, 不用 “more” 时会让人产生误会,用more是表示对别人的尊重)
out of politeness     出于礼貌 (politeness     n. 有礼, 优雅)

6、After a little time, she chose one of the most expensive dresses in the shop and handed it to an assistant who wrapped it up for her as quickly as possible.
after a little time    过了一会儿
hand…to…     递给(比较有权威的人)
handed it to an assistant [] (前一个以 “o” 结尾, 后一个以 “元音” 开头的, 读时需再在它们之间加一个[]音, 又如:my heart go on. [])
pass sth. to sb.     一个一个的传递(更常用)
hand in    上交
wrap sth. up for sb.    为某人打包……
as … as possible      尽可能……
  I have sent you as many books as possible.
  He went home as soon as possible.

7、When she was arrested, the detective found out that the shop assistant was her daughter.
find out     发现……(后跟的宾语一般是抽象的)
find out the truth 发现真相
find sth.    找到……(sth. 是看得见, 模得着的, 具体的)
I find the pen. (pen是具体的)

8、The girl 'gave' her mother a free dress once a week !
free    adj. 免费的
  Children under five years old travel free.   5岁以下儿童免费旅行。
fee    adj. 交费
fee parking     收费的停车场
“once a +表示时间的名词”可以表示频率:
He comes to the office once a day.

【Key structures】 
比较状语从句
比较状语从句含有或暗含有“与……相比”的意思。除了than…或more…than…这种结构外,它还包括as+形容词/副词+as…,not so/as…as…,less…than…等结构。当句子里两个动词相同、时态也一样时,则第二个动词可以省略,比较从句就成了含蓄的从句。如果对比的东西很明显,那么为了避免重复,从句中有些成分、甚至整个从句都省略,因此这类句子往往不完整。
  People aren’t so kind as they used to be.
  No, they’re becoming less kind.   是的,他们变得不那么友善了。
  He is as quick in answering as his sister (is).
  He answers as quickly as his sister (does).
  He is not so/as quick as his sister.

little和few的用法
little和a little与不可数名词一起使用。little表示否定,有“几乎一点儿也没有”的含义,在口语中常用not much;a little表示肯定,具有some的含义。
  He has (very) little hope of winning this race.
  =He hasn’t much hope of winning this race.
  Have we got any bread?
  Yes, there’s a little/some in the fridge.
few和a few与复数可数名词连用。few表示否定,与little相似,在口语中多用not many;a few表示肯定,有some的含义。
  They had few guests last weekend.
  They didn’t have many guests last weekend.
little的比较级为less,few的比较级为fewer。
  During the holiday, there is less noise in the building.
  There are fewer travelers than there usually are.

【Special Difficulties】
A and One
不定冠词a通常用于表示不确定的人或事物以及第一次提到的人或事物,a强调的是后面的名词; one强调的是 “一个” 的意思:
  It was one apple I ate, not two.
  There is a book and a pen on the desk.
不表示强调时,a和one有时可以互换:
  She will come home in a/one week’s time.
叙述故事时常将one+表示时间的名词用于句首,而不用a:
  One Monday, he went to the office as usual.

【Multiple choice questions】
4  There were fewer people in the shop than usual. There were ___b___.
a. as many as usual    b. not as many as usual 
c. as few as usual     d. more than usual

7  It was one of the most expensive dresses ___a___ the shop.
a. in    b. of    c. from    d. to
most expensive 最高级
① +地点 用in
② +范围表示所有的人或(书)当中, 用of
③ I have ever seen/done/heard. (定语从句) 我所看过的, 做过的, 听过的

8  A detective recently watched a well-dressed woman. He ___d___ her.
a. looked    b. looked for    c. looked after    d. looked at
watch = look at

9  The woman first bought a few small articles. She bought some small ___a___.
a. things   b. pieces   c. bits     d. parts

10  The assistant wrapped it. She ___d___ it.
a. papered    b. turned    c. enveloped    d. made a parcel of
made a parcel of     制作一个包裹

12  The dress was free. It ___c___.
a. was priceless     b. was worthless   c. cost nothing    d. was grateful
priceless []     adj.无价的, 极贵重的
worthless     adj. 不值钱的(Something cost money.)
free     adj. 免费的 (I pay nothing.)
grateful []      adj.感激的, 感谢的
 

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