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新概念英语第二册笔记新版:第11课
更新:2010-09-08 09:02 作者:ihome 来源:未知 点击:1 次  

 

Lesson 11   One good turn deserves another

 

New words and expressions6

turn             n. 行为,举止

deserve          v. 应得到,值得

lawyer           n. 律师

bank             n. 银行

salary           n. 工资

immediately      adv. 立刻

 

turn    n. 行为, 举止

turn    n.(帮助或损害他人的)举动、行为

  Yesterday George did me a good/an ill turn.     乔治昨天做了一件对我有利/不利的事。

  He is always ready to do a turn for others.     他总是乐于为他人做好事。

behavior   n. 行为, 举止

Pay attention to your behavior.

 

 

deserve     v. 应得到, 值得

① deserve + n.    应该得到……,值得……,应得(奖赏、惩罚等)

He deserves praise.    他应该得到表扬

Yor deserve the best.    你应该得到最好的

He deserved a promotion.    promotion    n. 提升)

② deserve sth./to do sth. 应该……

She deserved to be punished.

Good work deserves good pay.    多劳多得

His words deserve attention.    他的话值得注意。

 

lawyer     n. 律师

lawyer's office    律师事务所

 

bank     n. 银行

rob the bank   抢银行

 

salary     n. 工资

pay     n. 工资(salary+wage,通用)

salary    n. 薪金,薪水(月薪, 年薪,通常指职员、脑力劳动者(如律师、教师、医生等)有固定工作或管理阶层的收入,数额比较固定,一般按月支付)

  My salary is paid on the 28th of the month.

wage    n. 工资,工钱(按小时, 周计算的,通常指技工或一般体力劳动者,不稳定的工作人的收入,按周或天支付。一般用复数形式wages)

  When I worked as a waiter, the wages were low, but the tips were good.

  我当侍者时工资不高,但小费可观。

bonus    n. 奖金, 分红

collet    v. 搜集, 领取  

collect salary/wage    领工资

 

immediately     adv. 立刻

right away =at once =immediately 立刻, 马上

right now    现在

 

Text

I was having dinner at a restaurant when Tony Steele came in. Tony worked in a lawyer's office years ago, but he is now working at a bank. He gets a good salary, but he always borrows money from his friends and never pays it back. Tony saw me and came and sat at the same table. He has never borrowed money from me. While he was eating, I asked him to lend me twenty pounds. To my surprise, he gave me the money immediately. 'I have never borrowed any money from you,' Tony said, 'so now you can pay for my dinner!'

 

参考译文

我正在一家饭馆吃饭, 托尼.斯蒂尔走了进来. 托尼曾在一家律师事务所工作, 而现在正在一家银行上班. 他的薪水很高, 但他却总是向朋友借钱, 并且从来不还. 托尼看见了我, 就走过来和我坐到一张桌子前. 他从未向我借过钱. 当他吃饭时, 我提出向他借20英镑. 令我惊奇的是, 他立刻把钱给了我. “我还从未向你借过钱, “托尼说道, “所以现在你可以替我付饭钱了!”

【课文讲解】

1One good turn deserves another    礼尚往来, 善有善报

one bad turn deserves another    恶有恶报

 

2Tony worked in a lawyer's office years ago, but he is now working at a bank.

work for…    强调工作

work in…    强调in后面的地点

working at a bank

(some/several) years ago  名词-s,前面省略了some

 

3He gets a good salary, but he always borrows money from his friends and never pays it back.

The teachers in the New Oriental school can get a good salary.

borrow sth. from sb.    从……借……

never=not   前面不需要加助动词

pay在这里的意思是“偿还(债务等)”,还可解释为“付,支付(价款、账单)等”。Pay既是及物动词也可以是不及物动词。

How much did you pay for that dress?

I paid the bill.

pay back    还钱

  never pays it back   从不归还

 

4Tony saw me and came and sat at the same table.

and连接三个并列的动词

at the same table    坐在同一张桌子旁边

at table    吃饭

at the table   坐在桌子旁边

Would you like to join us?

 

5'I have never borrowed any money from you,' Tony said, 'so now you can pay for my dinner!'

pay for    为……而付钱

I have paid for you a dinner.

I have paid 20 dollars for the book.

ask (sb.) for sth.   问……要……

It's my treat.    我请客

This time  is your treat. Next time is my turn.

Let's go dutch.   AA

 

Key structures】 

复习动词时态:

The Taj Mahal ______ (build) in the seventeenth century for the emperor Shah Jehan. A few years after he  ______ (become) ruler, his wife, Mumtaz-i-Mahal, ______ (die). The Taj Mahal ______ (build) in her honour. Experts ______ (call) in from many parts of the world to construct the domes and to decorate the walls. The Taj Mahal which ______ (begin) in 1632  and ______ (complete) in 1654  ______ (cost) a fortune. Up to the present day, it ______ (visit) by millions of people.

The Taj Mahal      泰姬陵

in one's honour     为了纪念某人

up to the present day=up to now

was builtbecamediedwas builtwere called  (call in:召集)was begunwas completedcosthas been visited

 

Special Difficulties

动词+名词/代词+to的不定式

某些动词之后的带to的不定式之前可以有一个名词或代词。有些动词后的名词/代词可有可无,但有和没有经常影响影响整个句子的意义。

I asked him to lend me twenty pounds.

I want to speak to John.

I want you to speak to John.

Would you like to do sth.?

I’d like sb. to do sth.

I’d like to do sth.

还有一些动词后面用不定式作宾语时,其后通常必须有一名词或代词。这类动词有allowadvisehelpteachtellrequest等,这类动词不但可用于主动语态,也可用于被动语态:

  We were not allowed to see the picture.

hope一定不能说hope sb. to do sth.,正确用法是hope to do (希望自己)hope that(希望别人)

 

Multiple choice questions

4  Tony is working at a bank ___a___ .

a. at the moment      b. a year ago     c. since last year     d. for a year

at the moment用现在进行时

since+点时间)    自从……,用现在完成时

since yesterday

for(+段时间)    一段……,用现在完成时

for three hoursfor a dayfor three days

since three days ago 用一般过去时

 

8  He gets a good salary. His salary is very ___a___ .

a. good          b. well         c. fine         d. beautiful

good salary     不错的薪水

well表示好的时候一般用作副词

fine用来形容天气好, 质量好

beautiful   美丽,漂亮的

 

10  Tony must pay the money back. He must ___c___ .

a. pay it again          b. pay it       c. repay it         d. pay it once more

pay back    还钱;pay something    付钱;pay again    再次付钱;pay it    付钱

once more=again

repay it =pay back

 

11  There aren't enough chairs here for us all. Please bring ___b___ one.

a.other         b.another          c.extra         d.a different

one在这里是代词,指代上文的名词,指代单数可数名词,可数名词单数前一定要加’a/an’ 

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