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新概念英语第三册自学导读 Lessons23
更新:2009-08-30 23:13 作者:ihome 来源:未知 点击:1 次  
Notes on the text
课文注释

1  One man's meat is another man's poison. 这是英语的一句谚语,意思是“对一方有利的未必对另一方也有利”。有时可译作“各有所爱”,同时也有汉语俗语“萝卜青菜各有所爱”的意思。

2  would turn at the idea of…, turn此处作“恶心”、“作呕”解。 at the idea of…是“想到……”的意思。

3  to be brought up,养育,抚养,stick to有“坚持”的意思。

4  Cooked in wine, snails…,用酒烹调的蜗牛……,这是过去分词作状语,表示条件。

5  I happened to be walking in the garden.我碰巧在花园里散步。happen后面加不定式表示“碰巧做……”

6  take(亦作have) possession of,是“占有”、“拥有”的意思。

参考译文

在决定什么能吃而什么不能吃的时候,人们往往变得不合情理。比如,如果你住在地中海地区,你会把章鱼视作美味佳肴,同时不能理解为什么有人一见章鱼就恶心。另一方面,你一想到动物油炸土豆就会反胃,但这在北方许多国家却是一种普通的烹饪方法。不无遗憾的是,我们中的大部分人,生来就只吃某几种食品,而且一辈子都这样。

没有一种生物所受到的赞美和厌恶会超过花园里常见的蜗牛了。蜗牛加酒烧煮后,便成了世界上许多地方的一道珍奇的名菜。有不计其数的人们从小就知道蜗牛可做菜。但我的朋友罗伯特却住在一个厌恶蜗牛的国家中。他住在大城市里的一所公寓里,没有自已的花园。多年来,他一直让我把我园子里的蜗牛收集起来给他捎去。一开始,他的这一想法没有引起我多大兴趣。后来有一天,一场大雨后,我在花园里漫无目的地散步,突然注意到许许多多蜗牛在我的一些心爱的花木上慢悠悠地蠕动着。我一时冲动,逮了几十只,装进一只纸袋里,带着去找罗伯特。罗伯特见到我很高兴,对我的薄礼也感到满意。我把纸袋放在门厅里,与罗伯特一起进了起居室,在那里聊了好几个钟头。我把蜗牛的事已忘得一干二净,罗伯特突然提出一定要我留下来吃晚饭,这才提醒了我。蜗牛当然是道主菜。我并不喜欢这个主意,所以我勉强跟着罗伯特走出了起居室。使我们惊愕的是门厅里到处爬满了蜗牛:它们从纸袋里逃了出来,爬得满厅都是!从那以后,我再也不能看一眼蜗牛了。

Comprehension理解

Give short answers to these questions in your own words as far as possible. Use one complete sentence for each answer.

1  In what part of the world is octopus considered a great delicacy?

2  Why do we stick to certain foods all our lives?

3  Why did the writer's friend find it difficult to obtain snails?

Vocabulary词汇

Explain the meanings of the following words and phrases as they are used in the passage: illogical (1. 1); instance (1. 3); repulsive (1. 4); stick (1. 7); various (1. 10); associate (1. 11); appealed to (1. 13).

Summary writing摘要写作

In not more than 80 words describe what happened from the moment the writer collected snails from his garden. Use your own words as far as possible. Do not include anything that is not in the last paragraph.

Composition
作文

In not more than 250 words write a continuation of the passage. Expand the ideas given below into a plan and provide a suitable title. Your Composition should be in three or four paragraphs.

Ideas: Snails---- walls, ceiling ---- coat pockets ---- effort to collect them ---- ladders, etc. ---- marks everywhere ---- Robert amused ---- cooked the snails ---- a meal for one.

Letter writing书信写作

In not more than 100 words write a letter of three paragraphs inviting a friend to spend a weekend with your family at your home in the country.

Key structures
and
Special difficulties
关键句型和难点

Exercises 练习

1  People become quite illogical when … (1. 1) Write two sentences illustrating the use of the words quite and quiet. (ISD 53b) (参见第2册第53课难点b)

2  If you lived in the Mediterranean, you would consider octopus a great delicacy. (11. 2-3) Write this sentence again beginning ‘If you had lived …’ (IKS 64b) (参见第2册64课关键句型b)

3  the normally accepted practice. (1. 6) Write two sentences using the words practice and practise. (ISD 69a) (参见第2册第69课难点a)

4  The sad truth is that most of us … (1. 7) Write two sentences using most and the most. (IKS 54d) (参见第2册第54课关键句型d)

5  There are countless people who, ever since their earliest years … (11. 10-11) Write three sentences using the words since, for and ago. (IKS 29) (参见第2册第29课关键句型)

6  As his fiat is in a large town … (1. 12) What does as mean in this sentence? Write three sentences illustrating the other meaning of as. (ISD 17a) (参见第2册第17课难点a)

7  For years he has been asking me to collect snails. (11. 12-13) Write two sentences using has been asking and has asked. (IKS 52) (参见第2册第52课关键句型)

8  I happened to be walking in my garden. (1. 14) Write sentences using the following: he happens, it happened that, happened. (SD 3a) (参见第3课难点a)

Multiple choice questions
多项选择题

Choose the correct answers to the following questions.

Comprehension 理解

1  In a country where snails are eaten, you would expect ______ .

a.to find a great many snails in people's gardens

b.to find that people cooked them in wine

c.snails to be so popular that they are a luxury only the rich can afford

d.people to be amazed by anyone who refused to eat them

2  The idea of collecting snails never appealed to the writer very much until ______ .

a.the sight of the snails made him think of Robert

b.a heavy shower of rain led him to look for them in his garden

c.a sudden impulse made him decide to visit the country where Robert lived

d.he felt obliged to remove them from his prize plants

3  When the writer arrived at Robert's flat ______ .

a.Robert welcomed him warmly because of the snails he had brought

b.Robert immediately invited him to dinner in order to eat the snails

c.he forgot about giving Robert the snails until two hours later

d.he gave Robert the snails, little thinking Robert would propose a dinner with snails as the main dish

Structure 结构

4  People are quite illogical when ______ deciding what … (11. 1-2)

a.it comes to

b.they come to

c.they come

d.coming to

5  Most of us have been brought up to eat certain kinds ______ . (1. 7)

a.food

b.of food

c.of the foods

d.foods

6  No creature ______ abused more often than … (1. 9)

a.is being praised and

b.is praised nor

c.has been praised or

d.has been praised and

7  Having left the bag in the hall, ______ into the living room. (11. 16-17)

a.I accompanied Robert

b.Robert took me

c.we went

d.I and Robert went

8  We saw the snails ______ from the paper bag … (11. 19-20)

a.escaping

b.escape

c.had escaped

d.to escape

Vocabulary词汇

9  On the other hand, you would ______ at the idea … (11. 5-6)

a.be sick

b.sick

c.sicken

d.feel sick

10  Snails would, of course, be the main ______ . (11. 18-19)

a.meal

b.food

c.plate

d.course

11  ----I went into the living room where we talked for ______ . (1. 17)

a.round the clock

b.two hours or so

c.a second hour

d.some hours

12  There are ______ people, who … (11. 10-11)

a.numerable

b.numerous

c.numerical

d.numbered
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