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新概念英语第三册自学导读 Lesson30
更新:2009-08-30 23:17 作者:ihome 来源:未知 点击:1 次  
Notes on the text
课文注释

1  every time (=whenever) 作“每当……”解,引导时间状语从句。

2  stay up,熬夜,不睡觉。

3  In time, it became an accepted fact that…,最后,……已成为公认的一个事实。in time作“终于”,“最后”讲。 that引导的从句作fact的同位语。

4  none other than…,不是别人正是……。

参考译文

多年来,村民们一直认为恩得利农场在闹鬼。恩得利农场属于乔·考科斯和鲍勃·考科斯兄弟俩所有。他们雇了几个农工,但谁也不愿意在那儿长期工作下去。每次雇工辞职后都叙述着同样的故事。雇工们说,常常一早起来发现有人在夜里把活干了,干草已切好,牛棚也打扫干净了。有一个彻夜未眠的雇工还声称他看见一个人影在月光下收割庄稼。随着时间的流逝,考科斯兄弟雇了一个尽心尽责的鬼,他们家的活大部分都让鬼给干了,这件事成了公认的事实。

谁也没想到农场里竟会有一个从未露面的人。但事实上确有此人。不久之前,村民们惊悉恩得利农场的鬼死了。大家都去参加了葬礼,因为那“鬼”不是别人,正是农场主的兄弟埃里克·考科斯。人们以为埃里克年轻时就死了。葬礼之后,乔和鲍勃透露了他们保守了长达50多年的秘密。

埃里克是这家的长子,年龄比他两个弟弟大很多,第二次世界大战期间被迫参军。他讨厌军旅生活,决定逃离所在部队。当他了解到自己将被派遣出国时,他逃回农场,父亲把他藏了起来,直到战争结束。由于害怕当局,埃里克战后继续深藏不露。他的父亲告诉大家,埃里克在战争中被打死了。除此之外,只有乔与鲍勃知道这个秘密。但他俩连自己的妻子都没告诉。父亲死后,他们兄弟俩认为有责任继续把埃里克藏起来。这些年来,埃里克过着隐士生活,白天睡觉,夜里出来干活,一点不知道自己已成了恩得利农场的活鬼。他死后,他的弟弟们才觉得无法再保守这个秘密了。

Multiple choice questions
多项选择题

Choose the correct answers to the following questions.

Comprehension 理解

1  While farmhands stayed at Endley Farm ______ .

a.they woke up during the night to find their work had been done for them

b.they often saw a figure working in the fields at night

c.they did not have any work to do

d.it never occurred to them that there was someone in hiding on the farm

2  Eric remained in hiding after the war because

a.he feared the penalty he might receive for his desertion

b.his father had told everyone he had died

c.he was afraid of being sent abroad by the authorities

d.he was fond of the life of a recluse

3  When did the identity of the ‘ghost’ become known?

a.When the villagers attended the funeral.

b.Fifty years after the outbreak of the Second World War.

c.When the father or me three Cox brothers died.

d.When Joe and Bob felt they would have to have their brother buried.

Structure 结构

4  Farm labourers said that on waking up ______ work had been done. (11. 4-5)

a.to find

b.they would find

c.and finding

d.they had found

5  - employed a conscientious ghost, ______ most of their work for them. (11. 8-9)

a.doing

b.to have done

c.which did

d.so as to do

6  As he hated ______ , he decided to desert … (1. 16)

a.the life of army

b.life in the army

c.life of the army

d.the army for life

7  - Eric had been killed ______ fighting with his regiment. (11. 18-19)

a.while

b.during

c.as if

d.because

8  Joe and Bob were the only other people who knew the secret ______ their wives. (11. 19-20)

a.and did not even tell

b.which they did not even tell

c.who did not tell

d.yet did not tell it to

Vocabulary
词汇

9  ______ , it became an accepted fact . … (1. 8)

a.At the time

b.On time

c.With time

d.At times

10  He was ______ during the Second World War. (11. 15-16)

a.recruited

b.conscripted

c.armed

d.regimented

11  All these years, Eric had lived ______ . (11. 20-21)

a.out of this world

b.a secret life

c.without a companion

d.the life of a hermit

12  He used to work at night, ______ that he had become the ghost of Endley. (11. 21-22)

a.never realizing

b.quite misunderstanding

c.quite ignoring

d.never accounting for
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