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新概念英语第三册自学导读 Lesson40
更新:2009-08-30 23:24 作者:ihome 来源:未知 点击:1 次  
Notes on the text课文注释

1  It has never been explained why…, 在这个句子中真正的主语是以 why引导的主语从句。

2  specialize in, 专门从事。

3  inviting…fire,是动名词短语,此处作主语, put out作“扑灭”、“熄灭”讲。

4  dress up as, 装扮成。

5  they were not to take him seriously, (他们)不要把他当回事。

take 此处作“对待”、“接受”讲,多指对人、对事物的态度和反应。

6  grateful to the student for this piece of advance information, 对这个学生事先通报情况表示感谢。 be grateful to sb. for sth. , 对某人因某事表示感谢。

7  as he pleased, 是方式状语从句,后面省略了to do, 可译作“随他的便”。

8  be under arrest, 被逮捕,拘禁。

9  Only when…did he realize that…。在这句话中, only加上状语从句放在句首,因此主句的主谓语要用倒装的句式。

参考译文

谁也弄不清为什么大学生好像比任何人都更喜欢恶作剧。大学生擅长一种特殊的恶作剧——戏弄人。请消防队来扑灭一场根本没有的大火是一种低级骗局,有自尊心的大学生决不会去做。大学生们常常做的是制造一种可笑的局面,使大家笑上一场,当然受害者是笑不出来的。

最近有个学生看见两个工人在大学校门外用风钻干活,马上打电话报告警察,说有两个学生装扮成工人,正在用风钻破坏路面。挂上电话后,他又马上来到工人那儿,告诉他们若有个警察来让他们走开,不要把他当回事;还对工人说,有个学生常装扮成警察无聊地同别人开玩笑。警察与工人都对那个学生事先通报情况表示感谢。

那学生躲在附近一拱形门廊里,在那儿可以看见、听到现场发生的一切。果然,警察来了,有礼貌地请工人离开此地;但其中一个工人粗鲁地回了几句。于是警察威胁要强行使他们离开。工人说,悉听尊便。警察去打电话叫人。一会儿工夫,又来了4个警察,规劝工人离开。由于工人拒绝停下手中的活,警察想夺风钻。两个工人奋力抗争,其中一个发了火,威胁说要去叫警察。警察听后讥讽地说,这大可不必,因为他俩已被逮捕了。其中一个工人装模作样地问道,在被带往警察局之前,是否可以打一个电话。警察同意了,陪他来到一个投币电话前。当他看到那个工人真的是给警察挂电话,才恍然大悟,原来他们都成了一场骗局的受害者。

Multiple choice questions
多项选择题

Choose the correct answers to the following questions.

Comprehension理解

1  A good hoax is a joke which depends on ______ .

a.deceiving people into behaving in a way which amuses everyone but themselves

b.doing something like calling the fire brigade to a nonexistent fire

c.at least two parties being led to believe the other is fraudulent

d.people disguising themselves to look like other people

2  When the policeman first arrived outside the university ______ .

a.the student hid in an archway to see what happened next

b.he told the workmen if they disobeyed him he would call four policemen

c.the workmen refused to take his request that they should move seriously

d.he was polite to the workmen as he had expected them to be students

3  When did it become clear to the police that the workmen were not students?

a.When one of the workmen angrily said he was going to call the police.

b.Not until one of the workmen asked if he could telephone the police.

c.When the policeman saw whom the workman was ringing from the pay phone.

d.Only after they had arrested the workmen and taken them to the station.

Structure结构

4  -----why students seem ______ practical jokes than anyone else. (11. 1-2)

a.entertained by more

b.to have been entertained more by

c.more to be entertained by

d.to be more entertained by

5---- and told them that ______ order them to go away they were not to take them seriously. (11. 10-11)

a.should the police

b.the police might

c.if the policeman did(d)was a policeman to

6  ---- were grateful to the student for ______ in advance. (1. 12)

a.they had been informed this

b.having informed them this

c.being informed of this

d.informing them of this

7  The workmen told him to do ______ …(11. 15-16)

a.as it pleased him

b.how he pleased

c.as he pleased

d.that pleased him

8  Only then ______ that it had been a trick. (11. 22-23)

a.he realized

b.he understood

c.did he realize

d.he did realize

Vocabulary词汇

9  ---- a student had dressed up as a policeman and was amusing himself ______ . (11. 11-12)

a.by joking with people

b.at other people's expense

c.by making fun of people

d.to other people's surprise

10  When he received a very ______ from one of the workmen . . . (11. 14-15)

a.impolite retort

b.harsh response

c.rough report

d.sharp return

11  Four more policemen arrived to protest ______ the workmen's behaviour. (11. 16-17)

a.with

b.for

c.to

d.against

12  The police attempted to ______ the pneumatic drill. (11. 17-18)

a.get hold of

b.keep hold of

c.hold back

d.hold on to
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