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新概念英语第三册自学导读 Lesson59
更新:2009-09-01 23:48 作者:ihome 来源:未知 点击:1 次  
Notes on the text
课文注释

1  in the belief that,这个介词短语在句子中作谓语动词 leave的状语。

2  those very things,就是那些东西,very在这里起强调作用,可译作“正是那个(些)”,“正是所要的”。

3  for two other reasons,lack of physical and mental energy,… and sentiment,在这个句子中,lack of…和sentiment是两个并列的成分,作reasons的同位语,而both of which…是physical and mental energy的非限定性定语从句。

4  beyond their true worth,超过它们的实际价值。

5  to such an extent that,达到了这样的程度, that后面的从句作 extent的同位语。

6  as just looking at one's treasures is always a joy,因为欣赏自己收藏的珍品总会充满了乐趣。 as是连词,引导原因状语从句。

7  have some bearing on it,与它有关。

参考译文

人们喜欢收藏东西,有时并没有意识到自己在这样做。确实,一旦无意之中从自己的收藏品中找到某件有用的东西时,可以给人一种惊喜的感觉。那些从来不必搬家的人们成了一种无所不容的收藏家。他们专门收藏那些只能被称作杂货的东西。他们在抽屉里、碗柜中、阁楼上堆放着一些不用的东西,一放就是好几年,相信总有一天需要的正好是那些东西。人们年老之后也喜欢收藏东西,不过是出于两个不同的原因:一是体力、精力均告不佳,这二者是清除无用的东西必不可少的因素;另一个原因是感情因素。东西搁得时间久了,便会充满着与过去岁月的联系,比方说与死去的亲戚有关。因此这些东西慢慢获得了一种超出它本身的价值。

居家度日,有目的地收藏某些东西是为了防止浪费。这些东西中我想举出线绳和包装纸为例。节俭的人们打开包裹后便把这两样必备的东西收藏起来,省得日后去买。收集小玩艺儿很容易着迷。我认识一个人,她总喜欢从报纸上剪下流行服装的图样,等以后有钱时去买服装。由于她并不富裕,她买得起这些服装的可能性十分渺茫。但她又缺乏足够坚强的意志把这一收集活动停下来。这种习惯无害,只是把写字台里堆得满满当当,以致每次打开抽屉总能带出许多纸片四处飞扬。

作为一种严肃的业余爱好的收藏活动完全是另外一回事,它具有许多益处。它可以使人在闲暇中得到休息,因为欣赏自己收藏的珍品总会充满了乐趣。人们不必走到户外去寻求娱乐,因为收藏品都是存放在家中。不管收藏品是什么,邮票、唱片、头版书籍、瓷器、玻璃杯、老式家具、绘画、模型汽车、鸟类标本,还是玩具动物,从为新增添的收藏品寻找摆放位置到核对参考书中的事实,总归有事可做。这种爱好不仅能使人从选择的专题中受到教育,而且也能从与之有关的一般事物中获得长进。除此之外,还有其他的益处。收藏者要会见情趣相投的收藏者,以获取教益、交流经验、交换收藏品、炫耀自己的最新收藏。朋友的圈子就这样不断扩太。用不了多久,有这种爱好的人便开始旅行,也许是去另一个城市参加会议,也可能是出国寻找一件珍品,因为收藏家是不分国籍的。一人积了多年经验会成为自己这种爱好的权威,很可能应邀在小型集会上作非正式的讲话。如果讲得好,可能向更多的人发表演说。这样,你自信心不断增强,先是因为掌握了一门学问,接下来是因为能够就此发表见解。收藏活动通过富有建设性地利用业余时间使人感到心满意足,不再有无聊之日。

Multiple choice questions多项选择题

Choose the correct answers to the following questions.

Comprehension理解

1  What differentiates the indiscriminate collector from the serious one?

a.What he collects is only of personal rather than communal interest.

b.He lacks the physical and mental energy to go out and about.

c.His possessions are varied but over the years they gain in value.

d.He confines his collection to the home and therefore does not travel.

2  The author's friend is typical of the indiscriminate collector in that ______ .

a.she keeps newspapers in the hope that one day they may come in useful

b.she collects sketches of clothes to save herself the cost of buying them

c.she is too narrow-minded to be able to stop a sentimental practice

d.she never gets round to sorting out the clutter she has accumulated

3  The serious collector can spend his leisure time ______ .

a.at home, as his collection is sufficient entertainment in itself

b.at the same time as looking joyfully at his treasures

c.educating himself and others by verifying facts in reference books

d.occupying himself by constructing a house for his collection

Structure 结构

4  ______ belongings people accumulate. There are two reasons for this…(11.7-9)

a.As they got older more

b.In getting older there are more

c.Only when they get older, do more

d.The older they get the more

5  ______ in the home in an attempt to avoid waste.(1.11)

a.People deliberately collect

b.People deliberately collect some things

c.People collect deliberately

d.People collect deliberately some things

6  ----but it litters up her desk ______ that every time she opens it…(11.16-17)

a.so far

b.as long as

c.in as much

d.so much

7  Something to do, from finding the right place ______ the latest addition to…(11.21-22)

a.where he puts

b.in order to put

c.for to put

d.to put

8  ----and then, if______ successful, to larger audiences.(11.28-29)

a.they will be

b.one is

c.it has been

d.they were

Vocabulary 词汇

9  Some things are collected ______ in the home so as to avoid waste.(1.11)

a.systematically

b.intentionally

c.purposefully

d.organizationally

10  Collecting as a serious hobby is ______ and has many advantages.(1.18)

a.altogether separate

b.rather unlike

c.fairly diverse

d.very distinguished

11  ----the right place for the latest addition to ______ facts in reference books.(11.22-23)

a.insuring

b.certifying

c.identifying

d.checking

12  ----but also in general matters which ______.(11.23-24)

a.stand up to it

b.relate to it

c.bear it out

d.carry it off
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