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新概念英语第三册语法精粹 第三章 代替与省略
更新:2010-09-12 12:40 作者:ihome 来源:未知 点击:1 次  

英语中,为了避免不必要的重复,经常用so, not, to, do, does 代替前面出现的动词或相关内容。

如:He translated the article better than I did. (did代替wrote it)

 

Doyou think she isclever?

I think so. (so代替 she is clever)

(1) 从上两例中看出,do / does / did 代替动词。

(2) "so not" 代替某个词、短语、句子等,通常用于hope, think, believe, expect, suppose, be afraid, fear, imagine, etc后作宾语。

E.g. Is it correct?

I'm afraid not. (not correct)

(3) "to" 用作不定式,常跟随下列动词:want, mean, hope, expect, refuse, seem, intend, be, afraid, etc.

E.g. I asked him to go to the party, but he refused to. (go to the party)

(4) "do so, do that, do it" 用来代替动态动词,而不能代静态动词。

Eg. He gave up studying English.

Why did he do so? (= give up studying English)

 

The dish tastes nice.

Yes, so it does. (tastes nice)

(此句不能用it does it it does so, taste属静态动词。)

 

(5) 为使语言精炼,避免不必要的重复,对话中常用省略形式。

E.g. He is thinking of buying a car?

Is he?这里,“thinking of buying a car”被省略了。

 

Will he come back in time?

Perhaps.省略了he will come back in time.)

 

测试精编

 

I.选择正确答案:

 

1. Shall I wake you up tomorrow? Yes, ________ .

A. please do                       B. you shall

C. you will                        D. you may

2. I think records are often ________ an actual performance.

A. as good as or better than           B. as good or better than

C. like good or better than            D. as good as any other

3. — If he doesn't come to work, he may be fired. — Surely he isn't so foolish ________ not to realize that.

A. so        B. and        C. but        D. as

4. — Don't you think Alan's health has beenruined by smoking? — Yes, he told me ________ himself.

A. the fact        B. this thing       C. It        D. so

5. — Will you go home tomorrowevening? — No, I'm going to a lecture, or at least, I'm planning ________ .

A. on        B. to        C. so        D. It

6. — I slipped on the stairs, I think my arm is broken. — Oh! I ________ .

A. do not hope so        B. do not hope         C. hope not so        D. hope not

7. California relies mainly on income from fruit crops, and ________ .

A. Florida also                     B. Florida too

C. Florida is as well                 D. so does Florida

8. — Have you been here long? — ________ .

A. No, not very                    B. Not much

C. Yes, only little                   D. No, only yesterday

9. — You look happy today, Mary. — I like my new dress and mother ________, too.

A. does        B. likes        C. is        D. do

10. — So you are lost, little boy. Why didn't you hang on to your mother's skirt?

________, but I couldn't reach it.

A. I hanged to                     B. I did to

C. I didn't hang to                  D. I tried to

 

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