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新概念英语第三册语法精粹 第五章 形容词
更新:2010-09-12 12:41 作者:ihome 来源:未知 点击:1 次  

定义:形容词是用来修饰名词的词,描述名词的性质、外观、特点等。

功能:形容词可以做定语、表语或补助语。

分类:主要分为两类:描绘性形容词和限定性形容词。

 

描绘性形容词主要用来描绘大、小、新旧、颜色、质量等。

限定性形容词主要用来限定所修饰词的数量、距离及范围所属等。

 

1.当形容词修饰单数可数名词时,必须与冠词连用:

a lovely girl,      the naughty boy

2.形容词可与系动词连用,做表语,说明主语的性状。常用系动词有:bebecomeseemappearfeellooktastesmellsoundremaingoturnkeepstay, etc.

The dish tastes delicious.

The music sounds sweet.

The milk went bad.

 

小心陷阱  feelsmelltastelookkeep有时可以用作实义动词,并可以用副词修饰。

He looked me up and down carefully.

I tasted the soup slowly to see whether it was salty.

3.形容词用作后置定语。(简单理解:一般的形容词修饰名词时放在名词前面,但有些形容词修饰名词时放在名词的后面)

a river navigable(一条可通航的河)

sight visible可见的景象

person responsible(负责人)注意:responsible person(有责任心的人)

the best way possible(尽可能好的办法)

the number necessary(必要的数量)

the people present(在场的人)

4.只能作表语的形容词

1.某些表示健康状况的形容词。

well(身体好的),ill(病的),faint(虚弱的),poorly(身体不好的)

示例:His mother has been ill for a long time.

特别注意:sick是个特例。它既可做表语,又可做定语。

He is sick for a couple of days.(他病两三天了)

He is a sick person.(他是个病人。)

2.某些以 a-开头的形容词。

如:afraid(害怕的),alone(独自的),alive(活着的),asleep(睡着的),awake(醒 着的),aware(意识到的)

 

The old man is alone in the house.(老人一个人在家。)

The teacher is alive with enthusiasm.(这位老师热情洋溢。)

He is asleep in his mother's arms.(他在母亲的怀抱中睡着了。)

I have been aware of the difficulty.(我已经意识到了困难。)

 

5.当一系列形容词修饰名词时,须注意排列顺序:代明形容词 + 数量形容词 + 性状 形容词 + 名词。(下图看起来费劲,看透了绝对实用

代明形容词

数量形容词

性状形容词

名词

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

用于冠

词前的

形容词

冠词

 

序数

 

基数

 

性质

状态

大小

长短

形状

 

新旧

温度

 

颜色

 

国籍

 

材料

名词

指示代词

物主代词

动名词

不定代词

All

the

first

one

good

big

old

blue

English

wood

box

Both

A(n)

second

two

bad

small

new

yellow

Indian

stone

this

 

cage

 

Such

 

that

 

...

 

...

 

...

round

 

cold

 

...

 

...

Iron

 

your

...

Some

 

Eg.  a broken small old gray stone bridge.

such a good yellow pen.

 

测试精编

 

I.选择正确选项:

1. The Chinese food served in American restaurant is not bad but I prefer ________.

A. Chinese food authentically      B. Chinese authentic food

C. food Chinese authentically      D. authentic Chinese food

 

2. ________ lessons were not difficult.

A. Our first few short English

B. Our few first short English

C. Our few first English short

D. Few our first English short

 

3. — Do you think that the Labor bill will be passed? — Oh, yes, it's ________ that it will.

A. almost surely                B. very likely

C. near positive                 D. quite certainly

 

4. — Have you traveled much? — No, I have done ________ traveling.

A. few      B. little      C. small      D. less

 

5. — I was very busy. — Did you really work hard ________?

A. all day                     B. all the day

C. all the day long              D. all of day long

 

6. — Do you need anything from the store? — ________ and some cheddar cheese.

A. Only a French bread loaf

B. A French bread loaf only

C. Only a loaf of French bread

D. A loaf of French bread only

 

7. According to the information, the newly-constructed highway is said to be ________.

A. lengthy twenty miles         B. length about twenty miles

C. about twenty miles long       D. in twenty miles of length

 

8. Mr. Smith has done ________ business here.

A. a lot of                    B. a number of

C. much                      D. lots

 

9. — Are you helping to organize the political convention? — I'm in charge of welcoming the ________.

A. out-of-town visitors      B. visitors from outside of town

C. visitors out-of-town      D. outside town visitors

 

10. — Does Jane have brown hair? — Yes, In fact, it's quitesimilar in shape ________ yours.

A. as      B. with       C. like      D. to

 

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