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新概念英语第三册语法精粹 第七章 冠 词
更新:2010-09-12 12:43 作者:ihome 来源:未知 点击:1 次  

不定冠词“a”用来表示可数名词的单数形式,用于辅音音素前,an用于元音音素前。

如:a person, a day; an hour, anold man...

 

I定冠词用法如下:

 

(英语刚启蒙时你就知道冠词了,可你真正掌握了吗?再背一遍又何妨?!)

1.用于双方都知道的名词前:Please cleanthe classroom

2.用于单数名词前,表示一类人或物:

The horseis a useful animal.(马是有用的动物)

This is a very hardjob for theteacher.(对于老师这是一项很难的工作。)

3.用于世界上独一无二的东西前:the sun, the spring.

4.用于方位名词前:People in the west like coffee very much.

5.用于乐器名词前:play the violin.

6.用于计量单位前:Gasoline is soldby the gallon.

7.形容词最高级和序数词前:This is the easiest way to work out the problem.

He came to see me for first time.

8.用于江河湖海山脉名称前:the Pacificthe Thamesthe Rocky Mountains

9.杂志、报刊名称前:the Timesthe Overseas Digest

10.用于建筑物、和组织前:the White House, theMinistry of Education

11.用于姓氏复数前,表“某某夫妇,某某一家人”the Smithsthe Greens

12.用于形容词前,表一类人 / 物:the rich, theblind

13.用于 EnglishChineseFrench等名词前,表“全体国民”the Englishthe Chinese

 

II.以下情况不用冠词:

 

1.三餐前 breakfastlunchsupper ... Have you had lunch

2.体育运动项目前 playchess... I have nointerest intennis.

3.在由 by引出的交通工具前by air(乘飞机),by car

4.在称呼或职位前 He has been elected president of the committee.

5.习惯用语前 at schoolday by dayat table(在吃饭),go to church(做礼拜)...

 

测试精编

 

I.单项选择:

1. The cat is ________ beautiful animal, but its intelligence leaves much tobe desired.

A. a          B. an          C. the          D.  /  

2. ________ universityofChicago has anexcellent lawschool.

A. A          B. An         C. The          D.  /  

3. Tina looks especiallyprettytonight.

Yes, shealways looks her best in ________ ofthat color.

A. dress       B. a dress      C. that dress     D. the dress

4. Didhe flyacross theEnglishChannel

No, hecrossedit by________.

A. a ship      B. theship      C. ships         D. ship

5. If you want to gotothe post office from here, take________.

A. Broadwaybus              B. theBroadwaybus

C. some Broadwaybus          D. a Broadway's bus

6. Howdid you paythe workers As a rule, they were paid ________.

A. byan hour   B. bythehour    C. bya hour     D. byhours

7. ________ moretobe pitiedthanblamed.

A. Uneducatedare              B. Uneducatedis

C.The uneducatedare           D.The neducatedis

8.Astronomy is ________ of stars and planets.

A. a science     B. science     C. the science      D. scientific

9. After that, what happenedtohim

The chancetoenter ________ cameand he tookit.

A. tocollege     B. thecollege   C. for college      D.college

10.Westernart ofthe19thcenturyshows the influence of________ Far East.

A. a           B. an          C. the            D.  /  

 

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