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新概念英语第三册语法精粹 第十一章 平行结构
更新:2010-09-12 12:48 作者:ihome 来源:未知 点击:1 次  

许多句子在描述一个人或一件物品时往往会出现一系列修饰语;动词的修饰语, 即副词往往也会几个同时使用,构成平行结构,平行结构要求语法结构须保持一致,如:

 

1.系列动词:

after school, we sang, danced and played the piano in the classroom.

 

2.系列形容词:

She is slim, tall, blond and beautiful.

3.系列副词:

The students are listening to me carefully and eagerly.

平行结构不仅包括动词,形容词,副词,也包括分词,不定式,动名词,名词短语和句子等的平行用法,务必提高辨别力。

 

测试精编

 

I 单选:

1. The purpose of the research had a different meaning for them than ________.

A. ours      B. for ours it had     C. with us     D. it did for us

 

2. The decision to ration a commodity rests on a judgement of its relative scarcity, ________ and the feasibility of continuing it.

A. it is important                      B. is it important

C. its importance                      D. what is its importance

 

3. Scandinavian countries make household goods that are designed both to function well ________.

A. and to be looking beautiful

B. and to look beautiful

C. and to be beautiful looking

D. as well as to look beautifully

 

4. The chairman urged the members of the committee to set aside their differences ________.

A. and began to work

B. starting to begin to work

C. and be settled for work

D. and settle down to work

 

5. In his novels the author combines sound scholarship with ________.

A. a witty style                       B.a style of wit

C. a style full of wit                   D. a style which witty

 

6. During the examination we were supposed to stay in our seats, keep our eyes on our work, ________ to anyone.

A. but could not talk

B. rather than speak

C. instead of speaking

D. and not speak

 

7. Paris is renowned both as the political center of the nation and as ________.

A. the cultural center also

B. a center of cultural activity

C. being a cultural center

D. to be a center of cultural activity

 

8. The bonding power of any adhesive depends on the cohesion of the adhesive itself and ________ to the surface to which it is applied.

A. how well does the adhesive adhere

B. how well the adhesive adheres

C. does the adhesive adheres

D. the adhesive adheres

 

9. Molds can't produce their own food ________ their nourishment from living on dead organic matter or on other living matter.

A. obtain       B. obtained      C. but obtain      D. is obtained

 

10. I her writing, Eleanor Willie often dealt with her own personality as it was, rather than ________.

A. as others defined it

B. other's definitions

C. its definition by others

D. it was defined by others

 

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