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《新概念英语》第四册:高级英语听说利器
更新:2011-09-19 18:50 作者:jessica 来源:未知 点击:1 次  

提到《新概念英语》第四册,很多人都觉得其内容的复杂程度适用于高级阅读,其优美而严谨的句法结构适用于写作;这种认识普遍存在于英语学习者当中,但新概念第四册只是适合读写吗?到底和听说有没有关系?可能很多人的答案是否定的,理由是在日常的听说应用中,所使用的词汇及句法相对于书面文章来说都要简单很多。那么是不是涉及到听说的内容都很简单呢?
  
  首先让我们来看一个例子:
  
  Just as Darwin discovered the law of the development of organic nature, so Marx discovered the law of the development of human history; the simple fact, hitherto concealed by an overgrowth of ideology, that mankind must first of all eat, drink, have shelter and clothing, before it can pursue politics, science, art, religion, etc; that therefore the production of the immediate material means of subsistence and consequently the degree of economic development attained by a given people or during a given epoch form the foundation upon which the state institutions, the legal conceptions, art, and even the ideas on religion, of the people concerned have been evolved, and in the light of which they must, therefore, be explained, instead of vice versa, as had hitherto been the case.
  
  上面这段内容摘自《思格斯在马克思墓前的演讲》,看完以上这段文字是什么感觉?再试想,这段文字要是让我们听的话,又会是怎样的感觉呢?或许有朋友会说这类内容离我们日常生活很遥远,那么这就涉及到我们对听说能力是怎样定位的:是简单的日常交流还是在复杂场合下的高级语言交流呢?在简单的日常交流中所涉及的句法及词汇的确相对容易,但同时交流的场合、内容和层次也会有所限制;而在实际应用中,如果想真正实现英语成为我们的工具就必然涉及到高级的听说能力。比如当我们面对各类高级英语考试或者收听、收看英语文化科技等节目时,此时更为丰富的词汇和更加复杂的句法会使听力的难度也相应更高一些,仅仅日常交流就显得不够了。
 

  让我们再来看一个在托福听力中的例子:
  
  All insectivorous plants contain chlorophyll and have roots, so they don't get all of their nutrients from the insects they take in. Insectivorous plants tend to live in soil that lacks enough nitrogen for them to exist, so they consume their insect victims in order to get the nitrogen they need. There're many types of insectivorous plants in the world—there're perhaps 500 known species of insectivorous plants worldwide. Of these many types of insectivorous plants, we're going to look at one of the better known ones in depth.
  
  The insectivorous plant that we're going to discuss in detail is the Venus flytrap, which is native to North America. Now look at the drawing of the Venus flytrap on the screen. The Venus flytrap catches insects by suddenly snapping the ends of one of its trap leaves around an insect. You can see in the diagram that a Venus flytrap has a number of trap leaves and that each trap leaf is divided into two parts. Inside the two parts of the trap leaf are three sensory bristles, sensory bristles which resemble tiny hairs. When an insect touches the bristles inside a trap leaf, the two surfaces of the leaf shut instantaneously, and the insect's trapped inside the parts of the leaf. The Venus flytrap then discharges a digestive liquid into the leaf in order to assimilate the insect and obtain the nitrogen the plant needs in order to survive.

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