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每天学一点新概念:第四册第15课 工业中的秘密
更新:2012-01-30 06:11 作者:jessica 来源:未知 点击:1 次  

One is the general atmosphere of secrecy in which it is carried out, the other the lack of freedom of the individual research worker.

【译文】

一是普遍的保密气氛,科研就是在这种气氛中进行的;二是个体的研究人员缺乏自由。

【讲解】it指scientific research。the other the lack of…中other后省略了is。

【单词和短语】

secrecy:秘密,秘密状态,保密(the process of keeping something secret, or when something is kept a secret),

例如:
do sth. with great secrecy 极秘密地做某事

 

practise secrecy 保密

The mayor stressed the necessity of absolute secrecy.
市长强调必须绝对保密。

There was no effort at secrecy.
没有一点保密措施。

secrecy的形容词形式为secret。

carry out 施行,实现

He will carry out his plan.
他要执行他的计划。

He hasn't the funds to carry out his design.
他没有资金来施行他的设计。

He made no attempt to carry out his undertaking.
他无意实现他的诺言。

Yet a great many processes depending on such research are sought for with complete secrecy until the stage at which patents can be taken out.

【译文】

然而,依赖这种研究的很多程序是在完全保密情况下进行的,直到可以获得专利的阶段为止。

【讲解】

depending on such research作定语,修饰processes。with complete secrecy作状语,修饰are sought for。at which patents can be taken out系定语从句,修饰stage。

【单词和短语】

patent: 专利,专利权,专利证书
(a special document that gives you the right to make or sell a new invention or product that no one else is allowed to copy),

例如:
take out a patent for an invention 取得一项发明的专利
hold a patent on 对……拥有专利权

Patents have been running out on these drugs.
这些药的专利权正在陆续到期。

patent亦可作动词(参见下句),意为“得到……的专利权(to obtain a special document giving you the right to make or sell a new invention or product)”,

例如:
The company has patented many new inventions.
这家公司得到了许多新发明的专利权

 

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