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Lesson 8 Trading standards第八课贸易标准
更新:2009-11-18 23:41 作者:ihome 来源:未知 点击:1 次  
8-1. Chickens slaughtered in the United States, claim officials in Brussels, are not fit to grace European tables.


【讲解】slaughtered in the United States为过去分词短语,作定语,修饰chickens。此句也可以写成Officials in Brussels say that chickens slaughtered in the United States are not fit to grace European tables. 原文的写法是为了凸显chickens slaughtered in the United States。本句和下句的写法是新闻英语中的常见写法。


grace:给……增光;使……有荣耀(to make a place or an object look more attractive),

a meal that is fit to grace any table 上得了任何台面的一餐饭

8-2. No, say the American: our fowl are fine, we simply clean them in a different way.


8-3. These days, it is differences in national regulations, far more than tariffs, that put sand in the wheels of trade between rich countries.


【讲解】此句为强调句,被强调的部分是differences in national regulations, far more than tariffs。


put sand in the wheels(machine):妨碍,阻挠;捣乱。

8-4. It is not just farmers who are complaining.


【讲解】此句为强调句,被强调部分是not just farmers。



8-5. An electric razor that meets the European Union's safety standards must be approved by American testers before it can be sold in the United States, and an American-made dialysis machine needs the EU's okay before is hits the market in Europe.


【讲解】razor后的that…standards为定语从句,修饰an electric razor。


okay此处作名词用,意为“批准,认可”。另掌握give (someone) the okay和get the okay。

8-6. As it happens, a razor that is safe in Europe is unlikely to electrocute Americans.


【讲解】as it happens为插入语,对a razor…Americans表示强调。that is safe in Europe作定语从句,修饰razor。


as it happens/it just so happens:碰巧,偶然(used to tell someone something that is surprising, interesting, or useful),

As it happens, I have my notebook with me.

8-7. So, ask businesses on both sides of the Atlantic, why have two lots of tests where one would do?


【讲解】where one would do为定语从句,修饰tests。

8-8. Politicians agree, in principle, so America and the EU have been trying to reach a deal which would eliminate the need to double-test many products.


【讲解】in principle作状语修饰agree。


in principle:原则上;基本上,大体上(if you agree to something in principle, you agree about a general plan or idea but have not yet considered the details),

We agree in principle, but we dislike your methods.


eliminate:排除,消除;根除(to completely get rid of something that is unnecessary),

eliminate poverty 消除贫困

eliminate smudges 去掉污迹

eliminate international terrorism 消除国际恐怖主义

8-9. They hope to finish in time for a trade summit between America and the EU on May 28th.



in time:

1.最终,迟早(after a certain period of time, especially after a gradual process of change and development),

In time you’ll learn everything.

2.及时,不迟(before the time by which it is necessary for something to be done),

Do you think we shall be in time for the train?



8-10. Although negotiators are optimistic, the details are complex enough that they may be hard-pressed to get a deal at all.



optimistic:乐观的;乐观主义的(believing that good things will happen in the future),

an optimistic mood 乐观情绪
He remained optimistic about the meeting. 他对会议依然抱乐观态度。


hard-pressed:处于困境的,面临困难的;处于强大压力下的(having a lot of problems and not enough money or time),

the hard-pressed farmers suffering from drought遭旱灾而处境困难的农民


be hard-pressed to form an effective government难于组成强有力的政府

8-11. Why? One difficulty is to construct the agreements.


8-12. The Americans would happily reach one accord on standards for medical devices and then hammer out different pacts covering, say, electronic goods and drug manufacturing.



say:例如(for example)。

accord:协议,条约(a formal agreement between countries or groups)。

hammer out:(经讨论、争辩、讨价还价等后)得出(to decide on an agreement, contract etc after a lot of discussion and disagreement),

hammer out a new policy 作了大量工作后制订出一项新政策

8-13. The EU—following fine continental traditions—wants agreement on general principles, which could be applied to many types of products and perhaps extended to other countries.


【讲解】following fine continental traditions作插入语,修饰EU。which could…other countries乃非限制性定语从句,修饰agreement。


apply:应用;使用,运用(to use something such as a method, idea, or law in a particular situation, activity, or process)

Scientific discoveries are often applied to industrial production methods.